Idku local residents against BP project, Egypt

Graffiti, chants and social network; local protests and international environmental awareness have forced BP to to re-route its proposed pipeline and processing plant.


After discovering more than 141 billion cubic meters of natural gas at its North Alexandria offshore concession in 2011, British Petroleum (BP) was planning to start producing an equivalent of up to 20 percent of Egypt's gas demand per day by the end of 2014. For this purpose, the company was looking to bring the gas produced offshore via pipeline to an onshore facility to then deliver the natural gas supplies. BP also wanted to build another new gas plant on Idku’s beach. This is part of a larger $11 billion project (62% owned by BP and 38% by German RWE), including sub-sea pipelines, oil platforms and the gas terminal itself.

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Basic Data
NameIdku local residents against BP project, Egypt
ProvinceEl Beheira Governorate
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Specific CommoditiesNatural Gas
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsIn the two offshore deep-water regions there are around 5 trillion cubic meters of gas and the fields were meant to start producing 900 million cubic meters of gas per day in 2014. The gas terminal project was part of a 11 billion USD project.
Project Area (in hectares)N/A
Level of Investment (in USD)11,000,000,000 USD
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected Population < 250,000
Start Date01/01/2011
End Date01/07/2013
Company Names or State EnterprisesBP from United Kingdom
Relevant government actorsEgyptian Environmental Affairs Agency (EEAA)
Environmental justice organisations and other supporters• The Mosireen Collective:

• Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights:
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LATENT (no visible organising at the moment)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Development of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Boycotts of companies-products
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Soil contamination, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseNegotiated alternative solution
Strengthening of participation
Project cancelled
Relocation of the project area
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.BP finally acknowledged the local protest and gave in after 18 months of delay caused to the construction. They finally decided to relocate the project area.
Sources and Materials

BP project in Idku raises environmental concerns, Egypt Independent, by Nadine Marroushi, 20 September 2011,
[click to view]

BP's controversial gas project delayed by local distrust, Egypt Independent, by Nadine Marroushi, 13 December 2011,
[click to view]

Idku – a neglected town stands up against environmental degradation, Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR), Blog, 25 June 2013,
[click to view]

Egyptian community resists BP fossil fuel project,, 18 July 2013,
[click to view]

[1] Winning against the odds- How an Egyptian community stopped BP in its tracks, Platform London, by mika, 25 June 2013,
[click to view]

Media Links

Idku: an Egyptian town beat the odds & stopped BP, Produced by The Mosireen Collective, supported by Platform London and EIPR, Online Video, 16 February 2014,
[click to view]

Other Documents

No to BP sign Source:
[click to view]

Meta Information
Last update07/01/2016