Illegal dumping sites, Slovenia


Even though Slovenia is a small country (20.273 km2) there are several thousands illegal dumping sites scattered all over the country. More than 15,000 of them are already registered in the Register of illegal dumping sites (a project run by a national NGO) and it is estimated that this data base covers only 30-40% of all of them. In the year 2010 7,000 of dumping sites were cleaned, but every year new ones are arising or the cleaned ones get new material. Most of the material in these landfills are from construction and organic waste (approximately 85%) and 10% is municipal waste.

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Basic Data
NameIllegal dumping sites, Slovenia
SiteWhole country
Accuracy of LocationLOW country/state level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Waste Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Specific Commodities
Industrial waste
Domestic municipal waste
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsIt is estimated that there are 50,000 to 60,000 illegal dumping sites larger than 1 m3 in Slovenia. Their combined surface covers 6 km2. Approximately 85% of material is construction and organic waste, about 10% municipal waste. Almost 20% of the waste is regarded as hazardous.

Estimates indicate that there are 40,000 tons of municipal waste stored on illegal dump sites (the amount of waste produced in 25 days in Slovenia).

Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Relevant government actorsMunicipalities, Ministry of Agriculture, Environment, Inspectorate of the RS for Agriculture, Forestry, Food and the Environment
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEkologi brez meja (
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Public campaigns
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Infectious diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseEnvironmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
New legislation
Development of AlternativesMobilizers have set up a website with a register of illegal dumping sites. There are more than 15,000 sites registered. This platform could help municipalities and government in cleaning the sites, but they are still to make the first step.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.The authorities in both the corporations and government have responded to resistance with violent repression and blatant corruption. The low level of activism right now is due to fear more than any resolution of the issues at stake.

While there were several national actions of cleaning illegal dumping sites (with more than 125.000 people activated) and various forms of awareness raising, the number of sites has reduced only slightly. Government still didnt do its part in cleaning, regulating and preventing of generation of illegal dumping sites
Sources and Materials

Environment Protection Act, Inspection Act, General Administrative Procedure Act


(in English)
[click to view]

EBM: Register of illegal dumping sites (Slovenian)
[click to view]

EBM: Action Lets Clean Slovenia 2012
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorTomislav Tkalec
Last update08/04/2014