Magundu Ma Chuka, or the Chuka Forest, is a UNESCO Biosphere and World Heritage Site within Mount Kenya National Park and Forest Reserve inhabited by the indigenous Chuka people [2, 4]. It is an important environmental frontier as a habitat for many critical species such as endangered elephants as well as an important water source for all of Kenya . Mount Kenya is one of the country’s five “water towers,” or natural landmarks rich in forest cover that capture rainwater and replenish freshwater sources . The local tribe also depends on this forest for their livelihood, as they forage for resources such as medicinal plants, food, and firewood from the forest floor [4, 2]. Moreover, the mountain and its trees are sacred to the Chuka as the resting place of spirits. Although they used to perform spiritual rites and celebrations in the forest so that spirits would bless them, the community currently has restricted access to the land and are not allowed to perform their traditional ceremonies because they cannot afford to pay for forest use permits in the protected reserve areas . The Chuka people have their own 3,000 member grassroots organization dating all the way back to 1934 during colonial times called “Atiriri Bururi ma Chuka,” or “Guardians of the Chuka Community Territory” (ABC) . ABC was upset that their community did not give prior consent to designate their ancestral land as a protected area and received no compensation for their eviction. They also were not informed or consulted about tourism projects or extractive activities in the area. The Chuka also were concerned about the electric fence built to “protect” the reserve in 1997, which UNESCO research revealed was obstructing animal migratory patterns but was deemed necessary anyway for the sake of the animals, the tourists, and tourist facilities [3, 8]. However, the Chuka counterargue that the reserve protection efforts are more harmful and polluting than letting the community itself manage the area, and that the fence was more about policing the Chuka and preventing them from entering economically profitable places rather than ecological conservation .