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Logging of natural forests in Dege and Baiyu County, Sichuan, China

Villagers protest rampant logging activities and timber extraction in Sichuan's Dege county as part of the "Tibet Herdmen's Resettlement Plan". Eventually villagers occupied the loggers camp and prevented further extraction.


In 2009, the local People’s Government of Sichuan decided on three projects to improve the livelihoods of the Tibetan Population. Among them, the Tibetan Herdsmen’s Settlement Plan with an investment of 18 billion yuan (US$2.8 billion) in the four years from 2009 to 2012. The plan aimed to provide fixed housing and community centres in the villages for 480,000 members of 100,000 nomadic and semi-nomadic herding families. [1]

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Logging of natural forests in Dege and Baiyu County, Sichuan, China
State or province:Sichuan
Location of conflict:Garze Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Deforestation
Logging and non timber extraction
Specific commodities:Timber
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

In 2009, Sichuan Province decided to implement the three major actions of “improving the production and life of the Tibetan people” to further improve the living standards of the Tibetan people. Among them, the Tibetan Herdsmen’s settlement Plan. It was decided to invest 18 billion yuan in the four years from 2009 to 2012.[1]

Project area:unknown
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:unknown
Start of the conflict:01/03/2010
Relevant government actors:-State Forestry Administration (SFA)
-Sichuan Forestry Bureau
-Sichuan Provincial Party Committee
-People's Government of Sichuan Province
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:-Green Beagle Environmental Institute(达尔问环境研究所, ; //The Green Beagle Institute is a formally registered NGO in Beijing, China, which focuses on environment protection including environment impact monitoring, environmental investigations, public dissemination of environmental knowledge etc.)
-Greenpeace (
-Forest Guardian([email protected])
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Local ejos
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Other Environmental impacts, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity)
Other Environmental impactslandslides
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Loss of livelihood
Project StatusUnknown
Conflict outcome / response:Project temporarily suspended
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The villagers managed to stop the logging for at least one year, however, it is unclear whether the logging was permanently halted.
Sources and Materials
Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[3] Saving the Trees of Mesho - Presentation from the Tibet Action Institute. (accessed on 28.01.2019)
[click to view]

[1] Article in the Economy Daily Newspaper about the new "Tibetan Herdmen's Settlement Plan" (accessed on 28.01.2019).
[click to view]

[5]川西天然林遭砍伐 (accessed on 28.01.2019).
[click to view]

[7]中国国家林业局:中国已全面停止天然林商业性采伐 (accessed on 28.01.2019).
[click to view]

[4] Material concerns in Sichuan (1) - Article from 22.06.2011 published on (accessed on 28.01.2019).
[click to view]

[2] Saving Sichuan's Trees - Article from 25.05.2011 published on (accessed on 28.01.2019)
[click to view]

[6]Greenpeace Forest Guardian reported on its Weibo (2011-04-14)川西毁林实地调查结束,#森林犯罪调查小组#的工作远未画上句号。3月23日,绿色和平向国家林业局发去简短情况介绍信。3月29日,绿色和平详细调查详细报告递交国家林业局。国家林业局接信后立即调派#驻成都专员办#组成调查小组前往德格等县调查。 (accessed on 28.01.2019).
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

[8] Forest Guardian Campaign by Greenpeace on Sina Weibo
[click to view]

[9]Sina Weibo of Greenpeace’s “forest crime unit” (accessed on 28.01.2019).
[click to view]

川西借牧民定居工程之名大量毀林 (accessed on 28.01.2019).
[click to view]

Other documents

Deforestration on site Source:
[click to view]

Timber from the natural forest Source:
[click to view]

Trucks transporting wood out of Gardze
[click to view]

Natural forest trees felled alongside the river Source:
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:EnvJustice, ICTA-UAB/LUX 2019
Last update28/01/2019
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