Industrial Wastes in Bou Ismail, Algeria

Since 2005, Bou Ismail has been suffering from the consequences of industrial waste water discharge from the nearby industrial zone.


For years, the beaches and sea of Bou Ismail have been degraded and polluted by the nearby industrial zone, and specifically the Tonic Industries, a company specialized in producing paper and packaging. 

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Basic Data
NameIndustrial Wastes in Bou Ismail, Algeria
SiteBou Ismail
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Waste Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Manufacturing activities
Water treatment and access to sanitation (access to sewage)
Specific CommoditiesIndustrial waste
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe Tonic Group is comprised of:

- Corrugated Cardboard Unit: he unit has a production capacity of 90,000 tons per year.

- Print Unit: The unit has more than 100 specific machines tailored to customer needs. It has a production capacity of 25,000 tons per year.

-Unit Shaping: With a capacity of 12,000 meters / hour, the unit includes two machines for laminating plastic films and paper based on specific glue.

- Molded Cellulose Unit:

with a production capacity of 25 tonnes / day.

-Bagging Unit: From 22 to 25 million bags per month

In 2014 ,the company ranked 36th in the overall exports excluding hydrocarbons with a value of 1.5 million USD.

Type of PopulationUrban
Start Date2005
Company Names or State EnterprisesTonic Industries from Algeria - Main polluter of the bay
Relevant government actorsMinistry of the Environment and Renewable Energy
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersAlgérie Propre:
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Local government/political parties
Forms of MobilizationMedia based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Waste overflow, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Other Environmental impacts, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
OtherSoil pollution
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseUnder negotiation
Development of AlternativesIn the petition, EJOs are demanding the industries to put an end to their destruction of nature and the environment under the pretext of developing the industry and creating jobs. Stating that there are technologies and processes that are more respectful of nature and the environment that should be adopted.

They want the effluents and polluting discharges of the industrial zone be treated on the spot, so that the poisoning of the population of Bou-Ismail
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.In June 2017, the minister of the environment visited the area and stated the water treatment plant will soon be operational. However, as of March 2018, nothing has been said about it.
Sources and Materials

[2] - Un ministre à Bou Ismail où "la flore est décimée, les oursins exterminés et le littoral empoisonné"
[click to view]

[3] - Le groupe Tonic s'engage à résoudre (enfin?) le problème de ses déchets industriels
[click to view]

[1] - SOS - Pollution de la ville de Bou-Ismail
[click to view]

[click to view]

Media Links

Catastrophe écologique gigantesque à Bou Ismail. Le pouvoir algérien passif.
[click to view]

Pollution à Bou Ismail (Algérie)
[click to view]

Other Documents

Areal Photo of the Waste Water Discharge - 2013
[click to view]

Areal Photo of the Waste Water Discharge - 2015
[click to view]

Pollution of the Bou Ismail Beach
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorChristophe Maroun - [email protected]
Last update12/03/2018