International Airport in Kertajati or Bandara Internasional Jawa Barat (BIJB), Java, Indonesia

Residents of ten villages have been forcibly evicted from their homes for Kertajati Airport ( knowing as a Bandara Internasional Jawa Barat -BIJB-)near the northern coast of West Java, Indonesia.


Description

According to Global Anti-aerotropolis Movement (GAAM) : Plans for a major airport in Majalengka, on an enormous 5,000 hectare site in a predominantly rural administrative area in the West Java province, first surfaced in 2004. Kertajati International Airport is located around 68 kilometers east of Bandung (A touristic area). The intervening twelve years have been marked by vigorous resistance against displacement for the project, now named Kertajati Airport and also referred to as Bandara Internasional Jawa Barat (BIJB)[5,6,7].

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Basic Data
NameInternational Airport in Kertajati or Bandara Internasional Jawa Barat (BIJB), Java, Indonesia
CountryIndonesia
ProvinceJava
SiteKertajati, Sukamulya village Majalengka
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Ports and airport projects
Other
Specific CommoditiesLand
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe Airport will have the capacity of up to 24 million passengers annually. It is being constructed to complement and eventually replace Husein Sastranegara International Airport in Bandung and also serve Cirebon and parts of West and Central Java [4].

The project consists of 1,800 hectares and will be equipped with an Aerotropolis, known as Kertajati Aerocity. Standing on 3,400 hectares or twice the size of the airport, this Aerotropolis will be a new center of economic growth [2].

Project implementation consists of five phases: preparation phase (2015), phase I (2015-2020), phase I-II (2016-2025), phase III (2025-2035) and phase IV (2035-2045). During Phase I, the project focused on airport development. Phases I-II will be concentrated on Kertajati Aerocity Development, phase III will be the growth of Kertajati as aerotropolis, and as the final phase, Kertajati Aerocity will act as an enabler of sustainable economic center. As of January 2018, airport development progress has reached 90 percent completion [3].
Project Area (in hectares)5,000
Level of Investment (in USD)267,400,000
Start Date2004
Company Names or State EnterprisesPT Angkasa Pura from Indonesia
PT Bandarudara Internasional Jawa Barat (BIJB) from Indonesia
PT Dirgantara Indonesia (PTDI) from Indonesia
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersThe Front Perjuangan Rakyat Sukamulya (FPRS)

Global Anti-aerotropolis Movement (GAAM)

Konsorsium Pembaruan Agraria (KPA)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
International ejos
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Development of a network/collective action
Land occupation
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Air pollution, Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil erosion, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution
Othersexual violence
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Potential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Criminalization of activists
Repression
Violent targeting of activists
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.According to the last news in 2018 from BIJB website: "The construction of West Java International Airport Kertajati in Majalengka, West Java, is expected to be completed and can be operated by 2018"[16]
Sources and Materials
References

[6] Rose Bridger. Sept 2016. Sukamulya villagers resist acquisition of farmland for Kertajati Airport
[click to view]

Links

Warga Sukamulya Menolak Pembangunan BIJB
[click to view]

Majalengka`s Kertajati Airport to become operational in 2017
[click to view]

[2] Jokowi Pastikan Bandara Kertajati Beroperasi Pertengahan 2018
[click to view]

[3] Early December, Kertajati Airport Development Reaches 76 Percent
[click to view]

[4] Kertajati International Airport
[click to view]

BIJB-Railink Sign Transportation MoU for Kertajati Airport
[click to view]

[11] 10 villages evicted to develop a new International Airport. International Land Coalition. 2016
[click to view]

[8] Warga Sukamulya Menolak Pembangunan Bandara. 2007
[click to view]

[13] West Java’s Economic Ambition is in the Air. 2016
[click to view]

[14] Benteng Terakhir Sukamulya Melawan Gempuran Penggusuran
[click to view]

KPA facebook 5th Sept 2016
[click to view]

[9] Ratusan Warga Desa Sukamulya Tolak Pembangunan BIJB. January 2016
[click to view]

This Airport can Potentially Absorb the Traffic of Jakarta International Airport. 2017
[click to view]

[12] Warga Sukamulya Menolak Pembangunan BIJB. KPA
[click to view]

[16] RI Announce to the World, Kertajati Airport Ready to Operate
[click to view]

[15]Kawasan Aerocity Bandara Kertajati Butuh Pembangkit Listrik. 2016
[click to view]

[7] Warga Sukamulya “Siap Mati” Melawan Penggusuran. Sept 2016
[click to view]

Media Links

[1] Aviation Expansion in Indonesia. GAAM.
[click to view]

FRONT Perjuangan Rakyat Sukamulya
[click to view]

Jawa Barat International Airport (BIJB) & Kertajati Aerocity
[click to view]

Bandara Internasional Kertajati | Kertajati International Airport | Bandara Internasional Jawa Barat
[click to view]

[10] RATUSAN WARGA SUKAMULYA DEMO PENDOPO TUNTUT PEMBAYARAN PEMBEBASAN LAHAN BIJB.2016
[click to view]

[5] Kemerdekaan Tidak Hadir di Desa Sukamulya Majalengka.
[click to view]

Aksi Damai FPRS (Front Perjuangan Rakyat Sukamulya) Majalengka
[click to view]

Other Documents

Twitter: @Vindra_Dimas Domba domba menikmati makan siang di antara pembangunan terminal utama BIJB
[click to view]

Source: KPA http://www.kpa.or.id/news/blog/warga-sukamulya-menolak-pembangunan-bjib/ Warga Sukamulya Menolak Pembangunan BIJB
[click to view]

Source: Bandarakertajati.com Birdview of the Kertajati Airport in Java
[click to view]

Meta Information
Contributor GAAM, Stay Grounded and ICTA-UAB
Last update20/05/2018
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