IOI palm oil operations destroy Ketapang Peat Landscape, Indonesia

IOI Destruction of Ketapang Peat Landscape, Indonesia. International campaing against deforestation, peatland fires and using of child labour by Greenpeace.


Description

In 2008 [1] in South West Kalimantan 11 NGOs and local Dayak and Kibun communities mobilized in protest of the destruction of peatlands cleared for the development of oil palm plantations. The Malaysian-based IOI group, responsible for the degradation of the Ketapang peatland, is composed of four Indonesian plantation companies (PT Bumi Sawit Sejahtera, PT Berkat Nabati Sajehtera,PT Sukses Karya Sawit, PT Ketapang Sawit Lestari) and is jointly owned with Bumitama Agri Ltd. IOI is a member of the RSPO since 2004. Reports of negligent operations surfaced in 2010 with Greenpeace citing IOI's Pelita concession illegally encroaching upon territories beyond the designated boundaries of project operations [1]. The compliant, filed in part by the national and international NGOs, listed violations such as the drainage of a canal through a high conservation value (HCV) forest and the clearing of deep peatland forests.

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Basic Data
NameIOI palm oil operations destroy Ketapang Peat Landscape, Indonesia
CountryIndonesia
ProvinceWest Kalimantan
SiteKetapang
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Deforestation
Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Agro-fuels and biomass energy plants
Specific CommoditiesPalm oil
Project Details and Actors
Project Details214,000 ha oil palm plantation in South West Kalimantan peatlands threatens biodiversity, contributes to CO2 emissions, and breaches community land rights of Dayak and Malay indigenous populations. Ketapang has suffered extensive impact of wildfires of 2014, largely attributed to the planting of oil palm monocultures throughout the region. IOI's HCV report shows the area in conflict was 90% swamp/peatland in 2010 which today is largely degraded.
Project Area (in hectares)214,000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected PopulationLocal communities; global scale (vast CO2 emissions from wildfires and removal of vital carbon-capturing peatland)
Start Date01/01/2008
Company Names or State EnterprisesPT Bumi Sawit Sejahtera (PT BSS) from Indonesia
PT Berkat Nabati Sajehtera (PT BNS) from Indonesia
PT Sukses Karya Sawit (PT SKS) from Indonesia
PT Ketapang Sawit Lestari (PT KSL) from Indonesia
Bumitama Agri Ltd, from Indonesia
IOI Group (IOI) from Malaysia - IOI funds and oversees project implementation causing deforestation and dispossession
Relevant government actorsIndonesian President Joko Widodo calling for end of peatland development [1]
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersGreenpeace

AidEnvironment
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Dayak and Malay indigenous communities
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Boycotts of companies-products
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Fires, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Global warming
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Deaths
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Other socio-economic impacts
Potential: Militarization and increased police presence, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseNegotiated alternative solution
Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Withdrawal of company/investment
Development of AlternativesLocal NGO AidEnvironment and Greenpeace International recommend the clear demarcation of territories off-limits to industrial expansion.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Despite major companies withdrawing their support of IOI's shoddy operations, the plantation is still in operation. IOI's new policies seem to lack a comprehensive framework with definitive steps to mitigate their practices, indicating this case remains unresolved.
Sources and Materials
References

[2] Edie News. IOI Commits to Best Practice Peatland and Deforestation Plans.
[click to view]

[1] "Why IOI's Destruction in Ketapang is a Burning Issue for the RSPO and palm oil plantation sector". Greenpeace International. Amsterdam, The Netherlands. June 2016.
[click to view]

Links

AidEnvironment
[click to view]

The Guardian. Top Palm Oil Producer Sues Green Group Over Deforestation Allegations.
[click to view]

Sustainable Brands. RSPO recertifies IOI group.
[click to view]

[3] Greenpeace activists block IOI palm oil at Rotterdam port. By Niamh Michail, 27-Sep-2016
[click to view]

What does Greenpeace's palm oil report mean for IOI & RSPO?. By Niamh Michail, 28-Sep-2016
[click to view]

[5] RSPO: CASE TRACKER

PT SUKSES KARYA SAWIT (SKS), PT BERKAT NABATI SAWIT (PT BNS), PT BUMI SAWIT SEJAHTERA (PT BSS) SUBSIDIARY OF PT SAWIT NABATI AGRO (PT SNA), IOI Group
[click to view]

IOI Launches Revised Palm Oil Sustainability Policy and Sustainability Implementation Plan
[click to view]

[4] RSPO lifts IOI's suspension. By Niamh Michail+, 05-Aug-2016
[click to view]

Other Documents

Burning peatland in IOI oil palm concession in Ketapang Photo source: Greenpeace "Burning Issue" report (2016)
[click to view]

Greenpeace Investigator observing devastated peatland Photo source: Greenpeace "Burning Issue" report (2016)
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorSophia Rokhlin, ICTA-UAB
Last update18/10/2017
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