The current conflict surrounds Irish Cement's application to change to incineration of waste to produce energy for local cement production. Local campaigners have sought to raise awareness of the dangers of air pollution associated with this shift to waste incineration. A petition reads: "Earlier this year (2016), Irish Cement Limited applied to Limerick City and County Council for permission to incinerate used rubber tyres and domestic waste and use this to fuel their cement kiln in Castlemungret. Their original plan was to incinerate 210,000 tonnes per annum. However, they withdrew this application and re-applied with a lower quantity (90,000 tonnes).We should all monitor this closely. It is common knowledge that burning tyres in the open is extremely harmful to human health and the natural environment. The fumes emitted contain many toxic chemicals. The Irish Cement plan will be burning the waste in a kiln. It is not clear how this kiln will filter the toxins and micro-particles produced so that they do not pollute the atmosphere in the locality. The micro-particles are extremely worrying. These are similar to the particulate matter emitted from diesel engines and are so small that they can penetrate the lung. Again, no data has been produced to show how these particles can be dealt with in a safe manner. The test data that has been produced to justify this incineration process is questionable."  This is not an isolated case in Europe and around the world. Waste incineration in cement kilns is seen as one of the biggest obstacles to zero waste solutions and a major source of pollution with severe impacts on the environment and public health. This was a conclusion of a European Gathering Against Waste incineration in Cement Kilns in 2014 .