In November 2010, Gogebic Taconite (G-Tac), a subsidiary of The Cline Group, announced plans for a $1.5 billion iron ore mine in the pristine Penokee Mountains in Northern Wisconsin. The open pit mine would sprawl over four miles of privately-held managed forest land . Open pit iron mining has a larger and more destructive impact on the environment than underground mining. The water, air, and land are impacted by drilling, blasting, crushing, and processing activities of this industry . G-Tac’s mine proposal included two pits as deep as 1,000 feet that would produce about 8 million tons of finished taconite annually . Despite the promise of hundreds of mining jobs and promised economic benefits from the company, this project ignited one of the largest environmental battles in decades, with opponents expressing concerns over the effect the mine would have on the Bad River watershed . Many of the opponents included tribes. The planned area of the mine was located directly over the Bad River Watershed through which many streams flow directly into Lake Superior and through the famed wild rice beds on the Bad River Ojibwe Reservation . There are two primary concerns the tribe has: they were not consulted or included in any of the decision-making related to the mine proposal, and numerous environmental issues the mine presented. In February 2013, the Bad River Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Tribe sent a letter to Senator Tom Tiffany expressing their concerns that the Wisconsin State Legislature failed to engage the Tribe in government-to-government consultation and conducted the public hearing process in a way to exclude the voices of Native American citizens . That year, the State Senate had one public hearing in January regarding the Bad River Watershed Destruction Act which was passed in March 2013 and gave innumerable protections to G-Tac. It demolished environmental safeguards related to mining, eliminated public input, reduced revenues to local communities, and rushed the permit review process .