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Jalaput Dam, Orissa, India

The dam impounds water for the downstream 120 MW Machkund Hydro-Electric Scheme, as machineries of this latter infrastructure becomes obsolate. Inhabitants of the area have been demanding due compensation for seven decades


The Jalaput Dam is a hydroelectric dam built on the Machkund River, a tributary of the Godavari River in India which rises in the Mudugal hills of Visakhapatnam District and nearby Ondra Gadda it becomes the boundary between Andhra Pradesh and Odisha. 

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Jalaput Dam, Orissa, India
State or province:Odisha/Orissa
Location of conflict:Koraput
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Water Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Land acquisition conflicts
Dams and water distribution conflicts
Specific commodities:Water
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Jalaput Dam is situated near Ondra Gadda in the district of Visakhapatnam and is placed along the Mudugal hills. Jalaput Dam has a steep fall along it known as the Duduma Falls. The Jalaput Dam has been functioning since the year 2000 and it holds around 34.273 TMC of water under the Machkund Hydro-Electric Scheme (MHES), down stream. Jalaput Dam was constructed on Machkund River to facilitate the nearby located population in terms of electricity and irrigation facilities. This dam is on the border of Andhra Pradesh and Orissa. This river was started flowing in rift valley but due to internal geographical disturbance, the route of the river diverted and this river adopted natural flowing towards Bay of Bengal. After 48 kilometers flowing area from Andhra Pradesh this river takes a U turn towards Orissa and creates a natural waterfall called Duduma Falls.

Project area:3,462
Level of Investment:26,034,500
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:3,000
Company names or state enterprises:Andhra Pradesh Power Generation Corporation from India
Odisha Hydropower Corporation Limited from India
Relevant government actors:JV of Govt Of Andhra Pradesh and Govt. Of Odisha
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Dalit Sangh
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Forms of mobilization:Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Negotiated alternative solution
Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Development of alternatives:Demands of affected people include "peripheral development, availability of job, water, electricity and transport."
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:• About half a century back, the residents of Jalaput, a village that now houses more than 2,500 Odia and Telugu speaking people, on the Odisha-Andhra border had given away their ancestral land for the Machhkund hydro-power project in the larger interests of the state.
• They had expected that they would get a slew of government facilities including jobs for their children. However, people of this village under Bilaput panchayat in Nandapur block still lead lives of deprivation in the absence of basic amenities, a report said.
• Even as they live close to the power project, getting electricity supply is still a dream for them, it is alleged. The project authorities have also failed to provide good roads, drinking water, education and sanitation facilities to the residents who lost their land in 1965 for the project.
• Though Jalaput village comes under the peripheral region of the project, the authorities always maintain a step-motherly attitude towards the residents, some villagers lamented.
• While the road leading to the reservoir is in a bad shape, the authorities never take steps for collection of garbage dumped along the road.
• The villagers mostly rely on hospitals of Jeypore, Koraput or Visakhapatnam as a small health centre in the village fails to offer healthcare service in the absence of doctors.
• People have to depend on piped water as a tube well drilled in the village has gone defunct. However, they have to battle for every drop of water as supply gets disrupted due to frequent power outage.
• Though OHPC has appointed a civil division executive engineer to ensure development of the peripheral regions, the engineer and other officials ignore the issues, the villagers alleged.
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

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Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

No end to sufferings of Machhkund dam oustees.
[click to view]

Jalaput Wikipedia
[click to view]

Jalaput Dam Displaced Protest Government Apathy
[click to view]

Orissa Post - Cracks on Jalaput dam raise fear

Updated: October 25th, 2017
[click to view]

[1] Daily Hunt - Thursday, 27 Dec, 9.53 am

Odisha TV

Jalaput dam displaced protest government apathy
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Tapan Kumar Jena, Mail [email protected],Mob No-+91-9309549932
Last update18/08/2019
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