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Jebba hydropower plant, Nigeria

While the Governments boosts the Jebba hydropower plant, more than a hundred impoverished host communities still wallow in darkness. The operating company violently encounters Union Member protests in front of the plant.


The Jebba Hydroelectric Power Station (JHEPS) is one of the three major hydropower stations in the country with a maximum average electricity generation value of 578.4 MW (level has never been reached). JHEPS is located on the river Niger, about 64 miles south of the Kainji dam, and approximately 350 km away from the capital Lagos. The dam was built between 1981 and 1983 and began to operate in 1984 [1]. 

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Jebba hydropower plant, Nigeria
State or province:Northern province (between Niger and Kwara State)
Location of conflict:Jebba
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Water Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Dams and water distribution conflicts
Specific commodities:Electricity
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Jebba Hydroelectric Power Station (JHEPS) is one of the three major hydropower stations in the country with a maximum average electricity generation value of 578.4 MW (level has never been reached).

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Type of populationRural
Affected Population:> 6000
Company names or state enterprises:Mainstream Energy Solutions Limited from Nigeria
Relevant government actors:Federal Government of Nigeria (owner)
International and Finance InstitutionsAfrican Development Bank (AfDB)
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageUnknown
Groups mobilizing:Neighbours/citizens/communities
Trade unions
Forms of mobilization:Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsPotential: Malnutrition
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Repression
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Sources & Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

[1] Thomas C., Ogunbiyi O., Akorede M., Olufeagba B. (2018). Assessment of Failure and Repair Behaviours of the Jebba Hydroelectric Power Station, ELEKTRIKA Journal of Electrical Engineering.
[click to view]

[2] Usman A. & Emigilati M. (2020). Socio-Economic Impact of Jebba Hydropower Dam on some Downstream Communities in Niger State, Nigeria, Cambridge Research & Publication.
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[10] PUNCH, Ade Adesomoju, Sept. 2020.
[click to view]

[11] Nigerian News Direct, Flooding: NERC orders three hydro power plants ‘must run’, Sept 2020.
[click to view]

[3] PUNCH (2019). 51 years after giving land for Kainji hydropower, host communities wallow in darkness, poverty.
[click to view]

[4] The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Niger Dams Project (dams and reservoirs Nigeria).
[click to view]

[6] Michael Harris (2018). RusHydro completes feasibility studies for Kainji, Jebba hydropower plant rehabs, Hydro Review.
[click to view]

[7] Fidelis John (2020). Nigeria endorses US $32m Jebba hydropower plant turbine rehab project, Construction Review.
[click to view]

[5] Michael Harris (2017). AfDB allots US$100 million for Kainji, Jebba hydropower plant rehab, Hydro Review.
[click to view]

[8] Lukuman Abiodun, Electricity workers protest in Jebba, Galaxy TV.
[click to view]

[9] IWIN (2017). Two Brutalised as Electricity Workers Protest Casualisation, Sacking, Nigeria Electricity Hub.
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Dennis Schüpf, EJAtlas Intern
Last update19/11/2020
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