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Jindal Steel captive power plant in Godda, Jharkhand, India


The President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee has inaugurated Jindal Steel and Power Limited’s (JSPL) coal-powered plant on April 30, 2013.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Jindal Steel captive power plant in Godda, Jharkhand, India
State or province:Godda, Jharkhand
Location of conflict:Godda
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Land acquisition conflicts
Mineral ore exploration
Thermal power plants
Specific commodities:Land
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Jindal Steel and Power Limited (JSPL) is one of India’s major steel producers with a significant presence in sectors like Steel, Mining, Power Generation and Infrastructure. With an annual turnover of over US$ 3.5 billion, JSPL is a part of the over US$ 18 billion diversified O. P. Jindal Group. In the recent past, JSPL has expanded its steel, power and mining businesses to various parts of the world particularly in Asia, Africa and Australia.

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Project area:485.6228
Level of Investment:1,413,872,940 (about Rs 8,500 crore)
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:10,000-20,000 (11 villages)
Start of the conflict:30/04/2013
Company names or state enterprises:Jindal Steel and Power Limited from India - Project Executor
Relevant government actors:Government of Jharkhand
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Local Villagers (Adivasi farmers)
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Informal workers
Local ejos
Social movements
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Development of a network/collective action
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/sense of place, Land dispossession
Potential: Violations of human rights, Loss of livelihood, Specific impacts on women
Project StatusUnder construction
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Strengthening of participation
Application of existing regulations
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Withdrawal of company/investment
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:JSPL, in a statement, said all land for its projects had been obtained “through the government acquisition route, with consent of the people”. The point has been reiterated at the inauguration ceremony the company director and Member of Parliament Naveen Jindal.
However, the local people are not willing to give up their land. The local, people mostly tribal said that the all land around this village is their land. Except a few families the rest other have refused to sell their land. These people depend on their land for their livelihood hence they will not give up this land.
They have been intimidated by the local administration including the local police force. The police have been coming to the village regularly. From the police station, hundreds of policemen and home guards carrying sticks walked around villages. This causes fear among the local people.
These people in the villages had already displaced when a nearby dam called the Sunder Dam was built. Now this new power plant and its coal linkage will displace them second time. So, they will not ready to be moved from their land [5].
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006
[click to view]

The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
[click to view]

Environmental Clearance
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[2] Jindal Steel plans captive power plant in Jharkhand in 3 years
[click to view]

[3] Stone laid for Jindal Steel’s power plant in Jharkhand
[click to view]

[4] JSPL to come up with 1320 MW thermal power plant at Godda
[click to view]

[5] Police detain Adivasi protesters as President lays foundation for Jindal power plant
[click to view]

[1] Press Release Hon’ble President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee, lays the foundation of Jharkhand’s first power plant based on Super Critical Technology to be set up by Jindal Steel and Power
[click to view]

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Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update22/05/2014
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