The main objective of the New Centennial Water Source Project (NCWS), as stated by the Philippine government, is to increase water security through increasing water supply in the Metro Manila region, to meet future water demand and to reduce dependence on the Angat Dam reservoir. The broader project consists of two dams, one is the Kaliwa Dam as described in this entry; the other is the Laiban Dam and Laiban Hydro-Electric Power Plant (HEPP); the latter developed as separate project under a different procedure . The two dams were first submitted as one large project, which was later on divided and submitted as two separate projects, following recommendations of the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) . The Kaliwa-dam project was approved by the NEDA board on May 29, 2014 . Construction phase has been reported to be scheduled to terminate in 2019 .