Kamchia sands protected area urbanisation, Bulgaria


The protected area Kamchiiski Piasatsi (Kamchiyas Sands) is the biggest Black Sea sand beach in Bulgaria. This area preserves a unique combination of dunes and dense forests. The significance of Kamchiiski Piasatsi has been acknowledged both through its status of a protected area as well as its inclusion, together with Kamchiya Reserve, in the European Environmental Network Natura 2000 and the proposal for it to be declared a site under the protection of the Ramsar Convention for conservation of wetlands with international importance.

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Basic Data
NameKamchia sands protected area urbanisation, Bulgaria
SiteDolni Chiflik Municipality
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Tourism Recreation
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Establishment of reserves/national parks
Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)
Specific CommoditiesWater

Tourism services
Biological resources
Project Details and Actors
Type of PopulationUnknown
Start Date2005
Company Names or State EnterprisesRaiffeisenbank Bank from Austria
Raiffeisenbank Bank Bulgaria from Bulgaria
Relevant government actorsMinistry of Environment, Bulgarian Government
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersCoalition For the Nature including more than 30 civil society groups
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingIndigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Recreational users
Forms of MobilizationCommunity-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCorruption
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Application of existing regulations
Project temporarily suspended
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Court cases still pending in front of the Supreme Court. Unclear what will follow after the current ban on construction activities in the area issued by the Environment Ministry expires.
Sources and Materials

Sofia Globe
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Meta Information
ContributorDragomira Raeva
Last update08/04/2014