The giant Kazakhstani oilfield, Kashagan, is one of the world’s biggest oil finds and the ‘biggest oil discovery’ of recent times . With the start of the project being delayed for 13 years (now the start date has been moved to 2016) due to several environment, legal, and investment-associated complications, it is also ‘the world’s most expensive standalone project’ . Despite such a grand amount of complications, the NCOC (North Caspian Operating Company, a consortium of international companies including Eni, Exxon Mobil, Royal Dutch Shell, Total, CNPC (China) and Inpex(Japan)  is not giving up attempts to extract the vast deposits of the oilfield. The case history of Kashagan involves numerous conflicts, public hearings, as well as court cases. One of the major conflicts has been the impact of the oil field on the health of the local populations as well as on the fragile environment of the area.