A project proposed by the Khandwa Municipal Corporation, seeking to augment the quantity of water supplied to the city of Khandwa and in the process partner with the private sector under a Public-Private-Partnership (PPP) agreement has been the focus of conflict since its conception in 2007. The decision to augment water supplies was deemed necessary given that the estimated shortfall in water being supplied to the city of Khandwa stood at 11.8 Million Litres per day (MLD) based on the CPHEEO's guideline of 135 litres per capita day (lpcd). This shortfall corresponds to about 63 lpcd of water supplied in the summer months and 97.5 lpcd during the rest of the year. The additional water supply envisioned is to be brought to the city via pipeline from the Chhoti Tawa river, which leads to the backwaters of the Indira Sagar reservoir, approximately 52 kms from the city. In addition to this, Khandwa already receives water from the Bhagwant Sagar reservoir and the Nagchun reservoir as well as groundwater aquifers below.