Last update:
2021-04-04

Killing of Asháninka leader Estela Casanto Mauricio in Junín, Peru

On March 12, 2021, Asháninka leader Estela Casanto Mauricio was killed after years of being threatened for her indigenous land rights advocacy


Description:

The indigenous Asháninka of the Peruvian Amazon have long struggled against drug trafficking as well as resource exploitation such as mining, logging, and land-grabbing on their territory in Shankivironi in the Perené river valley [1]. Although most of the country’s indigenous population struggles with the recognition of their land rights, almost all communities in the central jungle have legally recognized titles. However, these titles are over 40 years old and do not have defined borders with coordinates. Consequently, there have been many intrusions upon their territories [4].

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Killing of Asháninka leader Estela Casanto Mauricio in Junín, Peru
Country:Peru
State or province:Junin
Location of conflict:Shankivironi , Perené, Chanchamayo
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Land acquisition conflicts
Deforestation
Specific commodities:Land
Biological resources
Cellulose
Electricity
Timber
Coca-growing
Project Details and Actors
Project details

¿Por que mataron a a Estela Casanto? Comunicado de ONAMiAP. " La violación de nuestros derechos territoriales ha cobrado una nueva víctima. Estela Casanto Mauricio, lideresa asháninka, fue asesinada por usurpadores el viernes 12 de marzo 2021. Ella era de la comunidad nativa Shankivironi, en el valle del Perené, región Junín y tenaz defensora de la integridad territorial de su comunidad. Shankivironi es constantemente amenazada por colonos y traficantes de tierras. Nuestra propia hermana Estela ya había recibido reiteradas amenazas. Pero el Estado no hace nada por proteger las vidas de nuestros defensores y defensoras de derechos territoriales. En plena pandemia ya han sido asesinados siete de ellos.

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Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:12/03/2021
Relevant government actors:Congress of the Republic, the Ministry of the Interior
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Central de Comunidades Nativas De La Selva Central (CECONSEC).
ONAMIAP .National Organization of Andean and Amazonian Indigenous Women of Peru (Organización Nacional de Mujeres Indígenas Andinas y Amazónicas del Perú)
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Women
Ashánnka
Forms of mobilization:Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Health ImpactsPotential: Malnutrition, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..), Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Deaths
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Land dispossession, Specific impacts on women
Potential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Criminalization of activists
Deaths, Assassinations, Murders
Court decision (failure for environmental justice)
Court decision (undecided)
Migration/displacement
Repression
Violent targeting of activists
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:There still has been no justice for Casanto or any of the other indigenous land rights defenders killed for their advocacy.
Sources & Materials
Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[1] CLACSO. Pronunciamiento ante el asesinato de Estela Casanto Maurício, del pueblo Ashaninka (Perú), lideresa y defensora Ambiental (2021)
[click to view]

[2] La Republica. Estela Casanto Mauricio (Tuesta 2021)
[click to view]

[3] CAAAP. Presidenta del Congreso pide protección para la comunidad Shankivironi tras el asesinato de Estela Casanto (2021)
[click to view]

[4] Swiss Info. La Amazonía peruana vuelve mancharse de sangre con otra indígena asesinada (Gimeno 2021)
[click to view]

[6] Cobertura Especial. Junín: Dirigente nativo niega que muerte de Estela Casanto esté relacionada a conflicto de tierras (2021)
[click to view]

[5] Hola News. Indígenas piden al Banco Mundial mejorar las salvaguardas y prioridad ante la covid (2021)
[click to view]

Asesinan a Estela Casanto Mauricio, dirigente asháninka en el valle del Perene. Caretas. Desde el 2013 hasta la fecha, ya son 16 los líderes ambientalistas e indígenas que han sido asesinados en el Perú por personas vinculadas al tráfico de terreno, narcotráfico y tala ilegal siguen amenazando a dirigentes ambientalistas de la Amazonía peruana. 13 de marzo del 2021
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

[7]. Condenamos asesinato de lideresa asháninka Estela Casanto Mauricio. 17 marzo, 2021,
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Dalena Tran, ICTA-UAB, [email protected]
Last update04/04/2021
Comments
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