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Kohala Hydro Power Project in Pakistan Occupied Kashmir, Pakistan

Due to people's protests for concerns over ecological and social impacts, Chinese financers temporarly withdrew in December 2018. People fear this plant will reproduce distress as in the Neelum Jhelum power project


The 1124 MW Kohala Hydro Power Project is the largest foreign direct investment under the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) [1]. Located in the north-east region of the country, the project is planned to be built in the Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (POK), on a branch of the River Jhelum that flows into Azad Jammu and Kashmir. It will be the second of six hydropower schemes planned to be built on the Jhelum River.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Kohala Hydro Power Project in Pakistan Occupied Kashmir, Pakistan
State or province:Pakistan Occupied Kashmir/Azad Jammu and Kashmir
Location of conflict:Kohala
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Water Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Land acquisition conflicts
Dams and water distribution conflicts
Specific commodities:Electricity
Project Details and Actors
Project details

According to Kohala Hydropower Company, a private entity led by the China Three Gorges (CTG) organisation, the annual energy generation (on an average) of the project’s main power station would be 5.079 billion kWh, with 122MW guaranteed output and 4,617 hours of capacity utilisation. Similarly, the average annual energy generation of the ecological flow power station has been estimated to be 95 million kWh with 8.4MW guaranteed output and 5,280 hours of yearly utilisation hours of installed capacity. The total annual generating capacity of the main power station and ecological flow power station would be 5.174bn kWh.

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Level of Investment:2.500.000.000
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:2016
Company names or state enterprises:Kohala Hydro Power Company (KHCL) from Pakistan - Water Managment
China Three Gorges Corporation (CTG ) from China
China Three Gorges South Asia Investment Limited from China
Lahmeyer International from Germany -
Relevant government actors:Pakistan Water And Development Authority-WAPDA, Alternative Energy Development Board (AEDB), Ministry of Water and Power
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Save Jhelum Save rivers committee, People Rights Movement
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Social movements
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusUnder construction
Conflict outcome / response:Strengthening of participation
Withdrawal of company/investment
Project temporarily suspended
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Despite the withdrawal of Chinese companies, the project has not been scrapped and no proper action by the government taken to avoid the ecological and social impacts.
Sources & Materials
Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Kohala Project Land Acquisition May Completes in December
[click to view]

Designed to Fail
[click to view]

AJK seeks revision in construction design of Kohala hydropower project
[click to view]

1100 MW Kohala Hydropower Project— Approval of Feasibility

Stage Tariff Proposal
[click to view]

AJK President Sardar Muhammad Masood Khan Expresses Satisfaction Over Development Plan
[click to view]

[2] Kohala project land acquisition may complete by December
[click to view]

[1] China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) website
[click to view]

[3] DAWN - AJK likely to get Rs12bn annually as net hydel power profit

Amin Ahmed

Updated December 31, 2018
[click to view]

[5] Shutter Down Strike Observed In Muzaffarabad
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Protest against construction of Kohala hydropower
[click to view]

Protest against construction of Kohala Hydropower
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Hassan Turi, Awami Workers Party, [email protected]
Last update19/06/2019
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