Kynnefjäll, Nuclear Waste Storage, Bohuslän, Sweden


During the 1970s and 80s, the Swedish government was looking for a place for the final storage of nuclear waste and carried out test drillings in different parts of Sweden in an attempt to find a suitable location. In many of these locations, the test drillings were met with resistance and one of these locations were the mountain Kynnefjäll in Bohuslän.

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Basic Data
NameKynnefjäll, Nuclear Waste Storage, Bohuslän, Sweden
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Nuclear
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Nuclear waste storage
Specific CommoditiesNuclear Waste
Industrial waste
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe amount of nuclear waste in Sweden from the three nuclear power plants Ringhals, Forsmark and Oskarshamn, has over 60 years accumulated to 12,000 tonnes. (1)
Type of PopulationRural
Company Names or State EnterprisesSvensk Kärnbränslehantering AB
Relevant government actorsProgramrådet för radioaktivt avfall (PRAV) (governmental agency that discontinued in 1981, SKB took over the mission), Swedish ministry of the environment, Kärnavfallsrådet
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersRädda Kynnefjäll (no website), The national network Avfallskedjan,
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Land occupation
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
OtherUnknown environmental risks related to a 100,000 year long storage of nuclear waste in the ground.
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseProject cancelled
Government announced that Kynnefjäll is no longer a potential place of interest for nuclear waste storage.
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.Thanks to the dedication and persistence of the actiongroup Rädda Kynnefjäll and their guarding of Kynnefjäll for almost 20 years, there will be no nuclear waste storage in the area.
Sources and Materials

Law 1984:3 (om kärnteknisk verksamhet),
[click to view]


(3) RÄDDA KYNNEFJÄLL, Visual Arkiv,
[click to view]

Miljörörelsen, Fältbiologen, 2/2003,
[click to view]

(1) Avfallsfrågan ännu olöst, Fokus,
[click to view]

(2) Kynnefjällsväktarna kämpar vidare, Bohusläningen,
[click to view]

(4) Kynnefjäll – en seger för

Meta Information
ContributorLinda Dubec
Last update08/04/2014