Last update:
2017-08-24

La Vega I & II Hydroelectric projects, Nebaj, Guatemala

Conflict over construction of the La Vega I and La Vega II hydroelectric projects in the municipality of Nebaj, El Quiché, Guatemala. Without prior consultation to the local communities. Affecting directly more than ten indigenous communities.


Description:

En marzo de 2011 se hace pública la concesión por 50 años a la empresa española Hidroxil S.A para la construcción de los proyectos hidroeléctricos la Vega I (38MW) y La Vega II (18.75). A pesar que todavía no han sido construidas ya cuentan con la autorización de la Comisión Nacional de Energía Eléctrica (CNEE) según los acuerdos 99-2011 y 244-2011 [1].

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:La Vega I & II Hydroelectric projects, Nebaj, Guatemala
Country:Guatemala
State or province:El Quiché
Location of conflict:Nebaj
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Water Management
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Dams and water distribution conflicts
Water access rights and entitlements
Specific commodities:Land
Electricity
Water
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

Desde el año 2011 se concesionó a través del Acuerdo Ministerial 099-2011 el río Xacbal por 50 años, el punto llamado Suchun, intersección donde se juntan los ríos Chel y Xajal provenientes del territorio de Tzalbal y el río La Planta proveniente del pueblo de Nebaj. [3].

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Level of Investment:45,000,000.00
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:8,000
Start of the conflict:06/03/2011
Company names or state enterprises:Hidroxil S.A from Spain
Grupo Casado from Spain
Relevant government actors:Corte de Constitucionalidad
Corte Suprema de Justicia
Ministerio de Energía y Minas
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Consejo de Autoridades Ancestrales Maya Ixil:
https://www.facebook.com/boqolqesaltenam
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Social movements
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Forms of mobilization:Artistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals)
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..), Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Infectious diseases, Deaths
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Conflict outcome / response:Criminalization of activists
Repression
Under negotiation
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Goverment continues trying build the projects.
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Constitución política de la República de Guatemala

Declaración de la ONU sobre derechos de los pueblos indígenas

Convenio 169 de la OIT

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

https://www.facebook.com/boqolqesaltenam

Hidroeléctrica La Vega II. 15 de Diciembre 2011
[click to view]

Hidroxil recibe autorización para instalar central hidroeléctrica en Guatemala.2011
[click to view]

[3] Hidroxil, S.A.
[click to view]

[2] La batalla contra las hidroeléctricas y minas. Contrapoder. 9/06/2016
[click to view]

[1] HIDROXIL S.A. Una empresa más sin voluntad de dialogar y respetar el sentir y pensar del pueblo ixil. 3/08/2013
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Guatemala: autoridades ixiles denuncian amenazas de hidroeléctrica. Guatevisión. 21/05/2016
[click to view]

Other documents

Asientos vacios de la empresa Hidroxil en la reunión convocada por las comunidades Ixiles el 2 de Agosto de 2013 source: http://alcaldiasindigenasixiles.blogspot.com.es/2013/08/hidroxil-sa-una-empresa-mas-sin.html
[click to view]

Autoridades comunitarias, consejos de principales, COCODEs del municipio de Nebaj, El Quiché,prohíben el ingreso de proyectos hidroeléctricos en su territorio source: http://alcaldiasindigenasixiles.blogspot.com.es/2013/08/hidroxil-sa-una-empresa-mas-sin.html
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Leonel Morales, Comisión de comunicación del Consejo de autoridades ancestrales Maya Ixil, [email protected]
Last update24/08/2017
Comments
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