Laguna Verde, Mexico


Laguna Verde is the largest nuclear power generating facility in Mexico. It includes two nuclear power plants (Laguna Verde and Laguna Verde II), of 805 MW each.

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Basic Data
NameLaguna Verde, Mexico
SiteAlto Lucero de Gutierrez Barrio
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Nuclear
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Nuclear power plants
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsTwo boiling-water reactors fueled with enriched uranium, of 800 MW power each.

The energy generated by the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power in 2011 represents 3.6% of the total generated by CFE. The plant has a pair of twin units provided with boiling water reactors of BWR/5 with a Mark II containment design, supplied by General Electric, with an original capacity of 1,365 mega-watts total networked national power. Laguna Verde began commercial operations in July 1990 with Unit 1 and in April 1995 with Unit 2.

Since the plant started its operation has granted an operating license by 30 years for each of the units.
Level of Investment (in USD)3,500,000,000
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Start Date1987
Company Names or State EnterprisesComisión Federal de Electricidad (CFE) from Mexico
Relevant government actorsComisión Federal de Electricidad (CFE), Secretaría de Desarrollo Urbano y Ecología (SEDUE), Secretaría de Energía, Minas e Industria Paraestatal (SEMIP), Comisión Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias (CNSNS)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersGrupo Antinuclear de Madres Veracruzanas, Asamblea Veracruzana de Iniciativas y Defensa Ambiental (LAVIDA), Greenpeace Mexico, Pacto de Ecologistas, Movimiento Ecologista Mexicano -101 organizations-, Alianza Ecologista, Grupo de los Cien (artists and intellectuals), dirigentes de la Iglesia católica en Veracruz
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingIndustrial workers
International ejos
Local ejos
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Religious groups
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Boycotts of companies-products
Alternative cost-benefit analysis
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Other Environmental impacts
OtherRisk from nuclear contamination
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Specific impacts on women
OtherWomen felt threatened, the group Veracruz Mothers became very active
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseUnder negotiation
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The nuclear plants are in operation, however no other nuclear plant has been built in Mexico. Opponets have argued that, apart from nuclear risks, the country has a surplus of energy (oil exports).
Sources and Materials

Article by Carlos Navarro
[click to view]

Polémica sobre Laguna Verde, detallado estudio
[click to view]

OLCA, historia de Laguna Verde
[click to view]

Foro de discusión sobre energía nuclear en México
[click to view]


Al calor politico, 2013, Fracasa repotenciación de Laguna Verde; culpan a exgerente Fernández de la Garza
[click to view]

Debate, CNN, después de Fukushima
[click to view]

CFE, 2011, Resumen Ejecutivo
[click to view]

Meta Information
Last update17/06/2014