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Laguna Verde, Mexico


Laguna Verde is the largest nuclear power generating facility in Mexico. It includes two nuclear power plants (Laguna Verde and Laguna Verde II), of 805 MW each.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Laguna Verde, Mexico
State or province:Veracruz
Location of conflict:Alto Lucero de Gutierrez Barrio
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Nuclear
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Nuclear power plants
Specific commodities:Electricity
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

Two boiling-water reactors fueled with enriched uranium, of 800 MW power each.

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Level of Investment:3,500,000,000
Type of populationSemi-urban
Start of the conflict:1987
Company names or state enterprises:Comisión Federal de Electricidad (CFE) from Mexico
Relevant government actors:Comisión Federal de Electricidad (CFE), Secretaría de Desarrollo Urbano y Ecología (SEDUE), Secretaría de Energía, Minas e Industria Paraestatal (SEMIP), Comisión Nacional de Seguridad Nuclear y Salvaguardias (CNSNS)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Grupo Antinuclear de Madres Veracruzanas, Asamblea Veracruzana de Iniciativas y Defensa Ambiental (LAVIDA), Greenpeace Mexico, Pacto de Ecologistas, Movimiento Ecologista Mexicano -101 organizations-, Alianza Ecologista, Grupo de los Cien (artists and intellectuals), dirigentes de la Iglesia católica en Veracruz
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Industrial workers
International ejos
Local ejos
Social movements
Local scientists/professionals
Religious groups
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Boycotts of companies-products
Alternative cost-benefit analysis
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Other Environmental impacts
Other Environmental impactsRisk from nuclear contamination
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Specific impacts on women
Other socio-economic impactsWomen felt threatened, the group Veracruz Mothers became very active
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Under negotiation
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:The nuclear plants are in operation, however no other nuclear plant has been built in Mexico. Opponets have argued that, apart from nuclear risks, the country has a surplus of energy (oil exports).
Sources and Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Article by Carlos Navarro
[click to view]

Polémica sobre Laguna Verde, detallado estudio
[click to view]

OLCA, historia de Laguna Verde
[click to view]

Foro de discusión sobre energía nuclear en México
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Al calor politico, 2013, Fracasa repotenciación de Laguna Verde; culpan a exgerente Fernández de la Garza
[click to view]

Debate, CNN, después de Fukushima
[click to view]

CFE, 2011, Resumen Ejecutivo
[click to view]

Meta information
Last update17/06/2014
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