Last update:
2018-03-26

Expansion of intensive aquaculture in Ria de Arousa, Spain

In 2015, the Xunta de Galicia enacted a new legislation aiming to expand aquaculture. However, strong mobilization and demonstrations of the Galician fishing and seafood sector, managed to stop this legislation.


Description:

Galicia is one of the main autonomous communities in Spain, where fisheries, aquaculture and shellfish collection sectors have been developed widely [10]. With suitable zones for further aquaculture production, Galicia has been one of the main targets for the expansion of the sector according to the multi annual national strategic aquaculture plan of Spain [3, 15, 16]. 

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Expansion of intensive aquaculture in Ria de Arousa, Spain
Country:Spain
State or province:A Coruña
Location of conflict:Ribeira
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Water access rights and entitlements
Aquaculture and fisheries
Specific commodities:Fish
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

Galicia is one of the main autonomous communities in Spain, where fisheries, aquaculture and shellfish collection sectors have been developed widely [10]. With suitable zones for further aquaculture production, Galicia has been one of the main targets for the expansion of the sector according to the multi annual national strategic aquaculture plan of Spain [3, 15, 16].

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Project area:17,300
Level of Investment:3,000,000
Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:15,000
Start of the conflict:03/08/2015
Company names or state enterprises:North West Food Sl (North West Food) from Spain
Sociedad Española de Acuicultura (SEA) from Spain
Asociacion Empresarial de Acuicultura de España (APROMAR) from Spain
Relevant government actors:Conselleria do Mar,
MAPAMA (Ministerio de Agricultua y Pesca, Alimentacion y Medio Ambiente),
Xunta de Galicia
International and Finance InstitutionsConselleria do Mar (Conselleria do Mar) from Spain
Ministerio de Agricultua y Pesca, Alimentacion y Medio Ambiente (MAPAMA) from Spain
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:APROAMAR (Colectivo en defensa de los autónomos del mar)
La Plataforma en Defensa de la Ría de Arousa: https://www.facebook.com/PDRArousa/
Federación Galega de Cofradias
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Women
Local scientists/professionals
Shellfish collectors, fisher cooperatives (cofradias)
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Moratoria
Project cancelled
Withdrawal of the proposed legislation
Development of alternatives:The alternative proposed by mobilized groups has been stopping the new aquaculture leglislation that favors the growth of large scale and intensive aquaculture facilities and instead favoring small-scale or traditional aquaculture and small-scale and traditional fishing.
At the end of the conflict, Galician government withdrew definitively the legislation for the expansion of aquaculture [10].
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:The aquaculture legislation could have been stopped for the time being thanks to all protests of fisher people and shellfish sectors of Galicia.
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Procedure of the permits for marine aquaculture facilities in Galicia [2]
[click to view]

Multiannual Aquaculture Strategy Plan of Spain (Plan Estratégico Plurianual de la Acuicultura Española) [3]
[click to view]

Strategy for the sustainable development of aquaculture in Europe [4]
[click to view]

Aquaculture strategy plans of autonomous regions in Spain [15]
[click to view]

Executive summary of the national aquaculture strategic plans in Spain for 2014-2020 [16]
[click to view]

The draft aquaculture legislation in Galicia [1]
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Political lessons from early warnings: Marine finfish aquaculture conflicts in Europe (Ertör and Ortega, 2015) [16]
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Conselleria do Mar endorses the salmon cages because Galicia 'can not afford that luxury' (2011) [6]
[click to view]

North West Food installs the first salmon cage in Muros (2011) [7]
[click to view]

Northwest Food has been selling Galician salmon for a month (2016) [8]
[click to view]

Galicia surprises Norway by the speed with which salmon is raised. (2009) [9]
[click to view]

North West Food keeps the plan in Muros because it is their "right" and urges the sector to "go to the judge" with their complaints. (2011) [12]
[click to view]

Galicia definitively withdraws its legislation for aquaculture (24 of February 2016) [10]
[click to view]

Mobilizations of the mussel and shellfish sector associations against the draft aquaculture legislation (2015) [11]
[click to view]

Thousands of people take Santiago in defense of the sea (2016) [13]
[click to view]

Fisherwomen want their work to be more profitable, but without the aquaculture law (2016) [5]
[click to view]

La Asociación de Autónomos del Mar también alega contra la ley de Acuicultura de Galicia (28 December 2015) [14]
[click to view]

Other documents

Cartel manifestación Santiago
[click to view]

Niños portan una pancarta tras la llegada de la marcha al Obradoiro. ÓSCAR CORRAL Source: https://elpais.com/ccaa/2016/02/27/galicia/1456589566_782467.html
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:APROAMAR; [email protected]
Last update26/03/2018
Comments
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