Law enforcers grab children’s park in Khilagon, Dhaka, Bangladesh

A legal battle challenges the attempts of law enforcers to grab the only children’s park in one of the most congested neighbourhood of Dhaka

Basic Data
NameLaw enforcers grab children’s park in Khilagon, Dhaka, Bangladesh
SiteKhilgaon, Dhaka
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Urban development conflicts
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsIn the Master Plan of Khilgaon Rehabilitation Zone, the Park has been shown in C.S. plot number 182 (part) measuring an area of 0.145686 hectares, C.S. plot number 183 (part) measuring an area of 0.02428 hectares, C.S. plot number 189 (part) measuring an area of 0.00809 hectares, C.S. plot number 191 (part) measuring an area of 0.032374 hectares, C.S. plot number 192 (part) measuring an area of 0.0560 hectares, in total 0.26644 hectares of land in one compact block. It was attempted to be leased out to the Ansar and Village Defense Party for an amount of taka 35 lakh 56 thousand 360 (3,555,360 Taka, ca. 42,250 USD) of which only 9 lakh was paid on 27 September, 1987, i.e, prior to the signing of the lease agreement on 20 October, 1987.
Project Area (in hectares)0.056 hectares
Level of Investment (in USD)ca. 42,250 USD
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected Populationca. 327,000
Start Date01/01/1987
Relevant government actorsMinistry of Housing and Public Works, Public Works Department, Ministry of Environment and Forest, Department of Environment, The Dhaka City Corporation, Rajdhani Unnayan Kartipakhya, (RAJUK- Town Improvement Authority)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersBangladesh Environmental Lawyers Association (BELA)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
OtherIf this Park cannot be freed from the illegal occupation of Ansar and VDP, it shall set a negative precedent for environmental governance and shall encourage more such occupation of open spaces in prime areas of a land scarce and overly populated Capital.
OtherThe occupation is surely having negative impact particularly on the children and youngsters of the area as the same has barred their access to the only limited space kept reserved for them for outdoor activities. Their physical and mental growth are surely being impacted and there is no reason why the upcoming ‘indoor’ generation of the concerned area of Khilgaon shall not have vices if an ‘indoor’ generation that include insensitiveness, self-centeredness, aggressiveness, isolation, and fatigue.
OtherPresently, the children of Block "B" of Khilgaon Rehabilitation Area are deprived of a playground, because of the illegal occupation of Ansar and VDP of the children’s park of the neighbourhood. If the park is ultimately lost to Ansar and VDP, the upcoming generation will take learn that ‘culture of impunity’ prevails over ‘rule of law’.
Project StatusStopped
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Although the interim injunction order can be seen as a victory, the case is still pending. The contradictory stands of the government and the power play staged by the highest law officer of the country for a wrong case is indeed worrying.
Sources and Materials

The Environment Conservation Rules, 1997
[click to view]

Act 36 of 2000, The Bangladesh Environment Conservation Act, 1995 (Act No. 1 of 1995)
[click to view]

The Town Improvement Act, 1953 (E.B. Act No. XIII of 1953) as amended by Act No. XXI of 1987
[click to view]

The Building Construction Act, 1952 (E.B Act No. II of 1953) as amended by Act No. XII of 1987
[click to view]


Source of information: Bangladesh Environmental Lawyers Association

Other Documents

Khilgaon Shishu Park Picture
[click to view]

Khilgaon Shishu Park Picture
[click to view]

[click to view]

Khilgaon Shishu Park Source: Wikipedia
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorSyeda Rizwana Hasan, Bangladesh Environmental Lawyers Association, [email protected]
Last update16/11/2018