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Law enforcers grab children’s park in Khilagon, Dhaka, Bangladesh

A legal battle challenges the attempts of law enforcers to grab the only children’s park in one of the most congested neighbourhood of Dhaka


Basic Data
Name of conflict:Law enforcers grab children’s park in Khilagon, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Location of conflict:Khilgaon, Dhaka
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Urban development conflicts
Project Details and Actors
Project details

In the Master Plan of Khilgaon Rehabilitation Zone, the Park has been shown in C.S. plot number 182 (part) measuring an area of 0.145686 hectares, C.S. plot number 183 (part) measuring an area of 0.02428 hectares, C.S. plot number 189 (part) measuring an area of 0.00809 hectares, C.S. plot number 191 (part) measuring an area of 0.032374 hectares, C.S. plot number 192 (part) measuring an area of 0.0560 hectares, in total 0.26644 hectares of land in one compact block. It was attempted to be leased out to the Ansar and Village Defense Party for an amount of taka 35 lakh 56 thousand 360 (3,555,360 Taka, ca. 42,250 USD) of which only 9 lakh was paid on 27 September, 1987, i.e, prior to the signing of the lease agreement on 20 October, 1987.

Project area:0.056 hectares
Level of Investment:ca. 42,250 USD
Type of populationUrban
Affected Population:ca. 327,000
Start of the conflict:01/01/1987
Relevant government actors:Ministry of Housing and Public Works, Public Works Department, Ministry of Environment and Forest, Department of Environment, The Dhaka City Corporation, Rajdhani Unnayan Kartipakhya, (RAJUK- Town Improvement Authority)
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Bangladesh Environmental Lawyers Association (BELA)
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Other Environmental impactsIf this Park cannot be freed from the illegal occupation of Ansar and VDP, it shall set a negative precedent for environmental governance and shall encourage more such occupation of open spaces in prime areas of a land scarce and overly populated Capital.
Other Health impactsThe occupation is surely having negative impact particularly on the children and youngsters of the area as the same has barred their access to the only limited space kept reserved for them for outdoor activities. Their physical and mental growth are surely being impacted and there is no reason why the upcoming ‘indoor’ generation of the concerned area of Khilgaon shall not have vices if an ‘indoor’ generation that include insensitiveness, self-centeredness, aggressiveness, isolation, and fatigue.
Other socio-economic impactsPresently, the children of Block "B" of Khilgaon Rehabilitation Area are deprived of a playground, because of the illegal occupation of Ansar and VDP of the children’s park of the neighbourhood. If the park is ultimately lost to Ansar and VDP, the upcoming generation will take learn that ‘culture of impunity’ prevails over ‘rule of law’.
Project StatusStopped
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Although the interim injunction order can be seen as a victory, the case is still pending. The contradictory stands of the government and the power play staged by the highest law officer of the country for a wrong case is indeed worrying.
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Act 36 of 2000, The Bangladesh Environment Conservation Act, 1995 (Act No. 1 of 1995)
[click to view]

The Building Construction Act, 1952 (E.B Act No. II of 1953) as amended by Act No. XII of 1987
[click to view]

The Environment Conservation Rules, 1997
[click to view]

The Town Improvement Act, 1953 (E.B. Act No. XIII of 1953) as amended by Act No. XXI of 1987
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Source of information: Bangladesh Environmental Lawyers Association

Other documents

[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Syeda Rizwana Hasan, Bangladesh Environmental Lawyers Association, [email protected]
Last update16/11/2018
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