The Lawpita dam on the Balu Chaung river (Karenni state) was the first large-scale hydropower project constructed in Burma. It was initiated after World War with support from Japan, as part of a historic war reparation agreement between the two countries. While the project, developed under Burma’s military dictatorship, promised much ‘progress’, devastating consequences on the ground were documented by a report published about 50 years after the agreement was signed. Released in 2006 by the civil society group Karenni Development Research Group (KDRG), the report unveiled the severe social and ecological impacts and human rights abuses caused in relation to the dam project. This entry is a brief summary of the findings from the KDRG report “Dammed by Burma’s Generals” [see 1].