Lead poisoning by Shanghang Huaqiang Battery Company, Fujian, China

In 2008-2009, villagers repeatedly protested against a battery plant which polluted the air, water and soil of the local environment and sickened more than 100 children with excessive blood lead in Shanghang, Fujian.


Shanghang is a county in Fujian province, bordering Guangdong Province to the southwest. It is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Longyan. Shanghang County is also the base of Zijin Mining Group [1]. Shanghang Huaqiang Battery Co. Ltd. is one of the largest professional manufacturers of Electrode-Plate and Valve Regulated Sealed Lead-Acid batteries in China. In July 2005, the company moved from its original location in Quanzhou City to Jiaoyang Industrial Park in Shanghang County. [2]

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Basic Data
NameLead poisoning by Shanghang Huaqiang Battery Company, Fujian, China
SiteVillages (Chongtou,Jiaoyang, Tangxia, etc.) in Jiaoyang Town, Shanghang County, Longyan City
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Manufacturing activities
Specific CommoditiesBatteries
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe company occupies the total compound of 201,000 Square meters. The total investment is ca. 120 million RMB (USD around 17.65 million, USD 1=CNY 6.8). The standard workshop with 36,000 square meter and the 17,000 square meter offices, buildings dormitory, living quarters are in use. There were 60 supervisors and 24 technicians among the total of 1000 company employees.

With the most advanced motorcycle and automobile batteries assembly lines available in Fujian province, the company managed to produce 150 tons electrode-plate on daily basis, 850 million units output annually. It had scheduled in 2009 to upgrade the production, after which the production target would reach 60,000 tons electrode-plate and 100,000 various lead-acid batteries products annually, at the total of CNY 1 billion worth of products can be realized.[2]

About 7,000 people were living within the 800 meters circle around the Huaqiang Battery Plant. [5]
Project Area (in hectares)20
Level of Investment (in USD)17,650,000.00
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population7,000
Start Date03/2008
Company Names or State EnterprisesShanghang Huaqiang Battery Limited Company from China - producer, polluter
Relevant government actors-Government of Shanghang County

-The Ministry of Environmental Protection

-The Fujian Department of Environmental Protection(later as "Fujian Provincial Department of Ecology and Environment' since March 2018)

-Shanghang Environmental Protection Bureau

-Government of Longyan City

-Longyan Environmental Protection Bureau

-No.2 Hospital in Longyan
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Landless peasants
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
market strike and school strike
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Soil erosion, Waste overflow
Potential: Food insecurity (crop damage)
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Other environmental related diseases, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Potential: Deaths, Occupational disease and accidents
OtherLead poisoning
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Other socio-economic impacts
Potential: Violations of human rights, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Specific impacts on women
Othernegatively affected children's education and the local economy
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Application of existing regulations
Project cancelled
Withdrawal of company/investment
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.The factory was shut down but there is forcible migration of children and their families to avoid heavy pollution, while the abandoned factory is still used for piling toxic industrial waste.
Sources and Materials

[7]国家环保总局、国家发展改革委关于加强建设项目环境影响评价分级审批的通知(accessed on 2019-02-18)
[click to view]

[8]中华人民共和国水污染防治法 (Water Pollution Prevention and Control Law of the People's Republic of China)(accessed on 2019-02-18)
[click to view]


[2] Shanghang Huaqiang Battery Co. Ltd. (accessed on 2019-02-19)
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[3]福建血铅超标事件三悬疑未了 检测报告缩水引猜疑(accessed on 2019-02-19)
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[4]为了免于被污染的自由——强烈要求重度污染企业福建省上杭县华强电池厂停产搬迁(For the freedom of not being polluted-Huaqiang Battery Out!)(accessed on 2019-02-18)
[click to view]

[5]福建上杭县:铅中毒恐慌之后(accessed on 2019-02-19)
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[6]当地政府表态:有污染企业该关就关(accessed on 2019-02-19)
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[9]福建上杭儿童血铅超标事件调查(accessed on 2019-02-18)
[click to view]

[10] China Confirms Widespread Lead Poisoning in Fujian Children (accessed on 2019-02-19)
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[14]风暴眼中的华强电池(accessed on 2019-02-19)
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[11] Hundreds of Chinese villagers protest lead poisoning (accessed on 2019-02-19)
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[12]福建龙岩儿童血铅超标致数百学生缺课 村民罢市(accessed on 2019-02-19)
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[13] Over 100 children in China diagnosed with lead poisoning (accessed on 2019-02-19)
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[15]上杭县蛟洋镇蛟洋村|谁在污染我们的土地 (accessed on 2019-02-19)
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[1] Toxic waste leak at Zijinshan Gold & Copper Mine, Fujian, China (2018-12-16)
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Media Links

Blog on Jiaoyang Pollution/蛟洋工业污染调查
[click to view]

Other Documents

Shanghang Huaqiang Battery Plant [12]
[click to view]

Many children were absent from school due to blood lead [12]
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorEnvJustice, ICTA-UAB/Malena Bengtsson
Last update22/02/2019