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Langtang incinerator stopped in Luoding, Guangdong, China

Plans for an incinerator in Langtang township, Luoding city, belonging to China Resources Cement Holdings, were discarded after demonstrations by citizens and clashes with the police in April 2015.


Cement factories want to burn waste. Citizens think this is dangerous. On 9th April  2015 the government of Luoding City, 180 km west of the provincial capital Guangzhou, said on its website it was canceling approval of an incinerator due to be built at a local cement works, “in response to public demands” [1] .

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Langtang incinerator stopped in Luoding, Guangdong, China
State or province:Guangdong
Location of conflict:Langtang, Luoding city
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Waste Management
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Incinerators
Specific commodities:Domestic municipal waste
Industrial waste
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

Incinerator in Langtang township, Luoding city, belonging to China Resources Cement Holdings. Luoding authorities said that the incinerator project had been proposed in line with national policies encouraging the cement industry to participate in solid-waste disposal. [5]

Type of populationUrban
Affected Population:10,000
Start of the conflict:2015
End of the conflict:15/04/2015
Company names or state enterprises:China Resources Cement Holding from China
Relevant government actors:Luoding city government
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Institute of Public and Environmental Affairs, Beijing
Greenpeace East Asia
Local citizens in Langtang township
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Sit-ins. Also school children boycott of classes
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Potential: Other Health impacts
Other Health impactsAlleged risk of dioxin
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Repression
Violent targeting of activists
Project cancelled
Development of alternatives:Luoding city government in Guangdong province said that the project fit a national policy to encourage solid waste processing in the cement industry, but that it was cancelled "in response to public demands." Thousands of residents fearful of pollution clashed with police. A resident surnamed Huang was quoted as saying that people also wanted the company that was to build the incinerator to reduce pollution at its local cement factory.
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Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:In April 2015 the government of Luoding City acknowledged after demonstrations and clashes with the police, that in response to public demand it was cancelling approval of the incinerator due to be built at a factory belonging to China Resources Cement Holding in Langtang.
Sources and Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Background: Report by GAIA on incineration of waste in cement kilns
[click to view]

Background: TO BURN OR NOT TO BURN, October 5, 2015 | by LIU SHA (刘莎)
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[4] China Cancels Waste Incinerator Project After Environmental Protest Turns Violent. By Duncan Hewitt @dhewittChina On 04/09/15
[click to view]

[2] South China Morning Post, Incinerator plan cancelled after thousands join violent protests in Chinese town. Police cars flipped during demonstrations in western Guangdong

09 April, 2015
[click to view]

[3] China: Incinerator construction plan in Langtang called off after strong protest from villagers
[click to view]

[1] Waste incinerator cancelled after violent protests. Written by Global Cement staff. 09 April 2015
[click to view]

[5] China Scraps Waste-Incinerator Project Amid Protests. Chinese residents are increasingly willing to oppose government plans seen to be polluting. CHUN HAN WONG, April 9, 2015.
[click to view]

Other documents

[click to view]

Source: Macau daily
[click to view]

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