In Marmara Lake and its surroundings agriculture, animal husbandry, fishing and hunting activities are practiced. Hence, the lake is adversely affected by anthropogenic problems. The lake ecosystem faces four major problems: Hunting: Intensive hunting with too many hunters wandering around the lake and disturbing bird populations (majority of whom are licensed hunters but also a significant number of poachers) Agricultural activities: Activities such as the conversion of coastal sand/mud flats to agricultural fields. Lake water level’s drops because of droughts and rare irrigation periods (which are rented by the local villagers), deliberate burning of reed beds to open new agricultural fields, and eutrophication of the lake waters. This is a result of excessive use of fertilisers in the fields surrounding the lake due for commercial purposes and resulting leaching to the lake via rainfall or groundwater; it causes serious damages to the lake ecosystem.