|Project Details||In 2009 an estimated 52,000 tonnes of precious wood (from 100,000 rosewood and ebony trees) was logged in North -East Madagascar, originating from Masoala and Marojejy National Park. |
At least 500,000 additional trees and many miles of vines were cut to make rafts to transport the heavy ebony and rosewood logs. Approximately 36,700 tonnes were shipped in 1,187 containers, almost all to China, for a total export sale price estimated at $ US 220 million. In the SAVA region, members of the timber syndicate pocketed 76 % of this whereas the State collected just $ US 15.3 million.
According to Global Witness and the Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA), a dozen private operators and three main companies have benefited from illegal logging in Masoala ; three banks also facilitated the illegal timber trade. China is one main destination.
Fraud is perpetrated by the syndicate and government administrators along every step in Madagascar’s precious timber trade in a coordinated effort to maximize profit and minimize taxes and fines. Poor governance and a lack of clarity in forest regulation have facilitated timber trafficking and undermined judicial control.
|Project Area (in hectares)||235,000|
|Level of Investment (in USD)||220,000,000|
|Type of Population||Rural|
|Company Names or State Enterprises||GIBSON Guitar Corporation in Tennessee (USA) - The US government has settled its legal case against Gibson Guitar company over use of illegal timber from Madagascar in its instruments.|
French company DELMAS - Of the three main companies that transported rosewood from Vohemar, the french company Delmas benefited most
United Africa Feeder Line (UAFL) and its subsidiary Spanfreight, based in Mauritius - UAFL and its susidiary Spanfreight shipped illegal rosewood from Madagascar
Safmarine, a division of the Danish company A.P. Moller-Maersk Group - Safmarine shipped rosewood from Madagascar
More than 40 Chinese Companies - China has always been the major buyer of Malagasy rosewood . In 2009, almost 99% of exports were shipped there.
Ets. RANJANORO - One of the three exporters who received the best return on their investment
Ets. BEZOKINY Christian Claude - One of the three exporters who received the best return on their investment
Ets. LAISOA Jean-Pierre - One of the three exporters who received the best return on their investment
|Relevant government actors||Ministry of Water and Forests (MEF), Madagascar National Parks (MNP)|
Ministry of Finance
Ministry of Trade
Ministry of Justice
The Gendarmerie and Police
Direction of Compliance and Integrity Improvement (DCAI)
Service des Eaux et Forêts (DREEF)
Circonscription de l’Environnement et des Forêts (CIREF)
|International and Financial Institutions||BNI - Crédit Lyonnais (BNI - CL) from Madagascar - BNI - CL has supported the export of rosewood|
Bank of Africa (BOA) from Mali - BOA has supported the export of rosewood. Note that BOA shareholders include the Agence Française de Développement (French Development Agency), the World Bank Group (through the International Finance Corporation), the Netherlands Development Finance Company, and the Banque Marocaine du Commerce Extérieur (Moroccan Bank of Foreign Trade).
BFV - Société Générale (BFV - SG) from France - BFV - SG has supported the export of rosewood
|Environmental justice organisations and other supporters||Alliance Voahary Gasy (AVG), Cercle de Concertation des Partenaires Techniques et Financiers du Secteur Environnement (CCPTF-E), Global Witness, Environment Investigation Agency (Washington DC)|
Observatoire National de l'Environnement et du Secteur Forestier Malgache (ONESF)
Groupement des Opérateurs Touristiques Maroantsetra–Masoala (GOTMM)
Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA)
Missouri Botanical Garden (MBG)
Madagascar Fauna Group (MFG)
World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)
Conservation International (CI)
Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS)