Last update:
2014-06-19

Michelin Rubber plantations, Nigeria

Description:

In 2007, the France-based transnational company Michelin, one of the major players in world tyre production, established rubber plantations in a Forest reserve. Over 3,500 hectares of Iguobazuwa Forest Reserve -including individual and communal farmlands- were allotted to Michelin to be converted into rubber plantations in an illegal deal without the consent of community people or proper Environmental Impact Assessment.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Michelin Rubber plantations, Nigeria
Country:Nigeria
State or province:Edo State
Location of conflict:Iguobazuwa Community, Ovia South West Local Goverment Area
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Deforestation
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific commodities:Rubber
Land
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

Project area:3500
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:2007
Company names or state enterprises:Michelin from France
Relevant government actors:Edo State Government
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:WRM, ERA (Environmental Rights Action-FOE Nigeria)
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityUnknown
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Indigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Local ejos
Women
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Sabotage
Street protest/marches
Property damage/arson
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Desertification/Drought, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Air pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion
Health ImpactsPotential: Malnutrition
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusUnknown
Conflict outcome / response:Land demarcation
Migration/displacement
Strengthening of participation
Development of alternatives:ERA calls for:
-Trees felled should be regenerated by Michelin.
-Forest dependent community people should be made aware of their rights under the law.
-Full compensation should be made to affected community dwellers.
-Strengthening of Local, State and National Forest Guards to enable them help more in preventing deforestation.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Sources and Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

WRM's report "Women raaise their voices against plantations"
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

ERA's Field Report #172: Michelin Converts Prime Forest to Plantation
[click to view]

WRM
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

WRM, Women Voices
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Teresa Perez
Last update19/06/2014
Comments
Legal notice / Aviso legal
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