Since the implementation of its operations in Chile in 2016, the Canadian company Lithium Chile Inc. has been proposed to initiate a large-scale lithium exploration program . For this purpose, it has bought a total of 166,950 hectares in the country, which acquired the treasury at an approximate cost of $ 3 for each of them . By March 2021, the mining company declared to have 13 properties in 11 Salaries and a Lagunas complex, giving a total of 71,900 hectares intervened . The company states that its investment in Chile is part of a corporate decision that relies on the legal and economic institutions of the country .
The Chilean territory of Salar Coipasa, in the Colchane Commune, Tarapacá Region, is one of the most conflicting properties of Lithium Chile. Salar is 225 kilometers from Oruro, at a height of 3657 msnm . In this place is where the company aims to probe an area of 40km2 of surface brine with values greater than 1.410mg / l lithium . Counting on the support of the minister of Mining at that time, Baldo Prokurica and subject to the commitment to start a compensation plan for the benefit of the Ancovinto community, Chilean courts approved three probe projects that were awarded to the company  .
should be noted that the Chilean sector has about 2% of the territory of Salar, finding Its most in the territory of Bolivia. Both in Chilean and Bolivian circumfillment there are projects related to lithium. In the case of the Bolivian side of Salar Coipase, Chinese and German companies have made important investments for the exploitation of the same resource .
At the beginning of October 2019, the Canadian company announced for the first time and publicly its scanning plans of the Salar Coipasa . It draws attention that the announcement is made in a climate of community conflicts and leading a judicial process against the ancovinto indigenous community.
currently the community faces A legal demand from Lithium Chile for access to the Salar de Cipasa . Purported by this legal situation, by the end of October of the same year members of the Aymara community of Ancovint began to protest against lithium extraction plans . The actions reached the cut of the Salar Access by paralyzing the exploration and survey work.
The community is concerned about the subject of water and the possible impacts of mining in Quinoa crops and flame herds, taking into account that the area suffers aridity problems as it has highlighted one of its members: "The Aymara people have survived thousands of years on this land with their crops and their herds", " We defend our indigenous community and we will continue defending it to prevent it from looted, exploited and contaminated by lithium removal ".
According to the Acovinto organization resists the company gave clear and precise information about the project and its possible impacts trying to take advantage of "the humility and lack of knowledge" of the people .
have denounced Also the lies of the company Lithium Chile Inc. who claims to be "A leading company in Extrac Lithium cion as regards its ability to work constructively and achieve the support of local communities "when it is clear that it does not have the agreement and consensus of the community for the development of the project .
They have also criticized the logics of colonial domination linked to the process of energy transition: "Companies come here to meet the demand generated in the global northern countries and supply raw materials for their industry. The colonial structures are being reproduced, since they destroy our flora and our fauna to cover the demand for electric cars in Germany, the United States and Canada ".
At the same time that the community had to prepare the arguments of their legal defense, consigning that the place where the probe is projected is land from an indigenous community, which is defined in accordance with Article 12 of Law No. 19,523. About it, according to article 13 of the same law, you can not impose easements. Thus, the servitude of the company is impossible according to the law, except that it has the community agreement, duly referred to the National Indigenous Development Corporation to approve it. And, in addition, as long as previously there is an environmental resolution approved by the Environmental Assessment Service for dealing with an indigenous development area called "Jiwasa Operade" (Supreme Decree No. 67, 2001) .
Given these background arguments, the Community resolves refusing the demand declaring that the project requires a recognition of community involvement, indigenous consultation, managing the authorization of CONADI of a tax Requested by the community. Submitting the project to ambient qualification (RCA) project, its non-affectation is determined to sectors declared national monuments and / or historical monuments, public roads and national goods for public use or the communal regulatory level of the Colchane Commune  .
Since then, judicial actions were paralyzed, affected by the national context of pandemic. Only during the second semester of the year 2021 the preparatory citations were reactivated again.