Last update:
2018-11-05

Intensive rice cultivation by Group Addoha, Senegal

Local population protests against the concession of 10.000ha to a Moroccan company to cultivate rice. The Senegalese President stated that the lease would be cancelled. This decision not yet implemented.


Description:

The collective for the defence of Dodel’s lands is still claiming annulation of the concession to Afri Partners Senegal [1], officially notified by President Macky Sall in November 2017. A 40-year renewable lease was given to that subsidiary company of the Moroccan Group Addoha to cultivate 10.000 hectares of land for intensive rice cultivation on 24th March 2017 by the Municipality Council of Dodel. The population - composed by farmers, fishermen, and pastoralists – is protesting and organizing to protect their lands and accuse the company of land grabbing, and the Municipality Council of selling off their lands for only 200.000 CFA per hectare (around 300€). The company is owned by the billionaire Moroccan businessman Anas Sefrioui. The affected area is located between Dodel and Dodette, and affects 23 villages in total. The local population fears the negative consequences of the project, that is the pauperisation, food insecurity and consequent exodus, due to the eviction of local farmers from their lands, planned killing of livestock, the profanation of various cemeteries [2]. They are also worried by negative conflict outcomes like it happened in another socio-environmental conflict (Senhuile) in the same region, where some protesters were killed. Senegalese government is supporting foreign investments on land through different programs. First, the "Inclusive and sustainable agro-business development project"(PDIDAS) was launched by the government in June 2014 with a loan of 80$ millions from the World Bank [3]. It favors the acquisition of large amounts of land for its exploitation and development by foreign agro-businesses. Additionally, the “National Program of Self-sufficiency in Rice production” (PNAR) encourages large investments by multinationals to increase rice production for national consumption. Since 95% of lands is part of the national domain of Senegal, land disputes are common in the country and it is easy for foreign companies to get access to the territory if their project is considered of public utility. In the case of Afri Partners Senegal, the Municipality Council signed the lease without the consultation of the population affected. Since consultations are compulsory by the law on national domain, local organisations appealed to the High Court on 28th August 2017 hoping to win the trial as it happened in similar situations [4] (e.g. against Senegindia). President Macky Sall supported at first the project by declaring the land of public utility in August 2017, but officially notified the cancellation of the concession three months after due to the lack of its implementation. However, such a declaration has not been implemented yet.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Intensive rice cultivation by Group Addoha, Senegal
Country:Senegal
State or province:Region of Saint Louis
Location of conflict:between Dodel and Demette
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Land acquisition conflicts
Intensive food production (monoculture and livestock)
Specific commodities:Land
Rice
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

En Français ci-dessous -------------- Afri-Partners Senegal received a lead of 10.000 ha by the Municipality Council of Dodel on 24th March 2017 as a 40 years concession with the possibility of renewal [1]. The company bought the land for 3 millions euros [2], and intended to invest 114 millions euro to produce around 115.000 tons of rice each year through intensive agriculture [3]. Afri-Partners Senegal is a subsidiary company of Group Addoha, owned by the billionaire businessman Anas Sefrioui up to 56,39% [4]. Addoha is a company working in the real estate market, social housing, cement, and construction. It has recently invested in intensive rice agriculture in Senegal and Ivory Coast.

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Project area:10,000
Level of Investment:130,000,000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:30.000
Start of the conflict:15/04/2017
Company names or state enterprises:Addoha from Morocco
Afri-Partners Senegal from Senegal - Senegalese subsidiary of the Addoha Group
Relevant government actors:Agence de promotion des investissements (Apix), Ministère de l'Agriculture, Ministère de l'Interieur, Ministère de l’Environnement et du développement durable (Medd)
International and Finance InstitutionsThe World Bank (WB) from United States of America
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Rencontre africaine pour la défense des droits de l’Homme (RADDHO) - http://raddho.com/
Association nationale des conseillers ruraux (ANCR);
Regroupement des femmes rurales actives pour le Sénégal émergent
Ligue sénégalaise des droits humains - http://lsdh.org/
Mouvement national de soutien des femmes de l’APR du Canada - http://www.mackystescanada.com/
Fondation Mission humanitaire pour le Développement des jeunes du Fouta Afrique.
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Pastoralists
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Health ImpactsPotential: Malnutrition
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession
Other socio-economic impactsCemeteries profanation.
Planned death of breeding stock.
Outcome
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Conflict outcome / response:Court decision (undecided)
Project cancelled
Development of alternatives:There are no other alternatives proposed than having the lands back or finding peaceful solutions to the situation. ---------- Il n'y a pas d'alternatives proposées autre que celle les terrestrial soient rendues aux villageois ou bien de trouver une solution pacifique.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Land allocation to Addoha was cancelled by President Macky Sall in December 2017, but the declaration has not been implemented yet. -------------- L'attribution de terres à Addoha a été annulée par le President Macky Sall en décembre 2017 mais cette décision n'a pas été exécutée.
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Decree n. 72-1288 (27th October 1972) of assignment and decomminssioning of lands of the National Domain

law 64-46 (17th June 1964) on the National Domain

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

[1] DakarActu, Litige foncier à Dodel et Démette, 30th July 2018
[click to view]

[2] SOS Faim, 08.11.2017, Sénégal : les terres de Dodel en sursis
[click to view]

[3] Grain, Failed farmland deals: A growing legacy of disaster and pain, 6th June 2018
[click to view]

[5] Walf Quotidien (leral.net), Accaparement des terres à Dodel et Démette: Les villages impactés saisissent la Cour suprême, 16 October 2017
[click to view]

[6] Fatimata Gaye, Bradage des terres de Dodel et de Demette : Fatimata Gaye adresse une lettre ouverte à Macky Sall pour arbitrage, 13 October 2017
[click to view]

[7] La vie senegalaise, La RADDHO préoccupée par l’accaparement des terres dans les communes de Dodel et de Démette, 13th October 2017
[click to view]

[8] Mar Bassine, Sénégal: Levée de Boucliers contre Sefrioui, attributaire de 10.000 ha de terres agricoles, 1st May 2017
[click to view]

[9] Idriss Linge, Du ciment à l'agriculture: le nigérian Aliko Dangote et le marocain Anas Sefrioui auraient-ils fait le même rêve ?, 20th September 2017
[click to view]

[10] Groupe Addoha, Actionnariat
[click to view]

[4] Benjamin Polle (Jeune Afrique), Sénégal : recours devant la Cour suprême pour l’annulation d’une concession rizicole marocaine, 21st August 2017
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

SOS Faim, 08.11.2017, Sénégal : les terres de Dodel en sursis
[click to view]

La RADDHO préoccupée par l’accaparement des terres dans les communes de Dodel et de Démette, 13 Octobre 2017
[click to view]

Senegal, Levée de bouclier contre Sefrioui, 1er mai 2017
[click to view]

Du ciment à l'agriculture: le nigérian Aliko Dangote et le marocain Anas Sefrioui auraient-ils fait le même rêve ?, 20 Septembre 2017
[click to view]

Other documents

Mass protests https://www.dakaractu.com/Litige-foncier-dans-les-communes-de-Dodel-et-Demette-Les-populations-disent-Non-a-l-affectation-de-10-000-ha-de-leurs_a134366.html
[click to view]

Mass protests https://www.dakaractu.com/Litige-foncier-dans-les-communes-de-Dodel-et-Demette-Les-populations-disent-Non-a-l-affectation-de-10-000-ha-de-leurs_a134366.html
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Fulvia Ferri and EnvJustice team
Last update05/11/2018
Comments
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