A trans boundary pollution conflict is developing between Zimbabwe and Mozambique over an uncontrolled dumpsite in Zimbabwe’s eastern border city, Mutare. The dump site, located at the spot where Munene River which flows into Mozambique begins, has been in operation for six decades. All rubbish from Mutare, ranging from gabbage collected from residential suburbs, to hospitals and industries is dumped at the dumpsite located in Nyakamete Industrial area. Munene River drains into the Revue river which in turn flows into Chicamba Dam which supplies water to the provincial capital Chimoio, Manica City and Gondola. Apart from supplying domestic water to the province, Chicamba Dam is also a major recreational facility for Manica Province and is a source of livelihood for fishermen. Zimbabweans flock to Manica City in Mozambique for a variety of fish which range from small kapenta to brims, also sourced from Chicamba, among other sources. The Manica Provincial Director for the Environment is reported to have described the situation as ‘very serious’. The Governor of Manica City set up a task force to study the problem and make recommendations which were unenforceable due to the lack of preparedness on the part of Mutare City Council which cited financial difficulties. So far only the Manica Town Council and Manica Local Government are leading the campaign to stop the pollution whilst there is no civil society activism on the Zimbabwe side. In fact most Zimbabweans are not aware of the problem, mainly due to lack of medical care.