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Municipal Solid Waste Management Plant in Berhampur, OR, India


Berhampur city known as "The Silk City" is headquarter of Ganjam District located at the southern part of Orissa.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Municipal Solid Waste Management Plant in Berhampur, OR, India
State or province:Orissa
Location of conflict:At Mohuda, Town- Berhampur, District- Ganjam
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Waste Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Specific commodities:Domestic municipal waste
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Berhampur is one of the important trading centre for Southern Orissa. The city was declared as a Municipality in the year 1867. It is the fourth largest city of Orissa with an estimated population (2009) is about 0.38 million [3]. The city has about 110 slums where thirty per cent of the city’s populace lives. The majority (about 80 percent) of the city’s waste is generated from residential areas. Presently about 138 tons perday (TPD) waste is generated in the city. It is expected to increase to 250 TPD in the next three decades [2]

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Project area:13
Level of Investment:$11,433,240 (Rs 70 Crores)
Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:30,000-40,000
Start of the conflict:05/09/2012
Company names or state enterprises:Berhampur Waste Management Company Private Limited from India
ULP Environment and Engineering from India
Ram Engineering and Construction Company from India
Berhampur Municipal Corporation (BMC) from India
Relevant government actors:Odisha State Pollution Control Board
State Environmental Impact Assessment Authority
Government of Orissa
International and Finance InstitutionsCorporación financiera Internacional (CFI) - International Financial Corporation (IFC), is providing technological and tactical support for the solid waste management project to established by the Berhampur Municipal Corporation.
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Local Villagers
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Landless peasants
Social movements
Forms of mobilization:Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Development of alternative proposals
Public campaigns
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity)
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Development of alternatives:The proposed land was marked for a hospital by the former Prime Minister P.V. Narasimha Rao who represented Berhampur in the Lok Sabha. The residents have no objection for a hospital to be established but thy have objection in this waste management plant [7].
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:The proposed solid waste management plant at Mohuda was approved at a public hearing held in September 2014. The public hearing was organized by the district administration and BMC officials. Government officials and the BMC representatives assured of looking into the concerns of local people.
Officials and including the local MLA assured that the road from Berhampur to the plant site would be expanded for smooth communication. They also assured that the plant would be built with latest the technology and minimum pollution. The plant will also prepare compost which can be utilized by the local farmers to enhance the firm yield. Municipality officials assured that the site is located away from the water bodies and human habitat so the pollution due to waste dumping will cause no damage to the local people and their environment [7].
However, the mobilization is still very recent and the issue under negotiation.
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

The air (prevention and control of pollution) act, 1981
[click to view]

Municipal Solid Waste Management and Handling Rules 2000
[click to view]

The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[1] BMC to have waste management plant
[click to view]

[2] Odisha: Berhampur is going to have the first ever Solid Waste Management Project of the state
[click to view]

[3] Berhampur Municipal Corporation
[click to view]

[4] Request for Expression of Interest
[click to view]

[5] Waste management project to be implemented soon
[click to view]

[6] CM’s gifts for Berhampur
[click to view]

[7] Protest over waste plant
[click to view]

Villagers up in arms against solid waste management plant
[click to view]

[8] Land Handed over for Plant in Berhampur
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

BMC Commissioner's Interview - Berhampur Solid Waste Management Project - HD (in Oriya)
[click to view]

Berhampur Solid Waste Management Project Media Workshop - Video Report (in Oriya)
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update06/02/2015
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