Last update:
2019-02-01

Central Transport Hub, Poland

In a local referendum residents of Baranów voted against construction of a multi-modal transport hub on over 66 square kilometers of villages and farmland. Plans for the Central Transport Hub include an airport, airport city, road and rail infrastructure.


Description:

On 7th November 2017 the Polish government approved a plan to build a new mega-airport, called Poland Central Airport or New Central Polish Airport. The location was confirmed to be near Stanisławów village, in Baranów, a rural gmina (administrative district) between Warsaw, Poland’s capital city, and Łódź, Poland’s third largest city and a former textile manufacturing hub.[1] A new airport on a site between Warsaw and Łódź, had been the subject of debate since 2006. A 30 square kilometre site is earmarked for the airport, within a larger project area of 66.2 square kilometres.[2] The area allocated for the new airport is characterized by villages and small parcels of cultivated land. Stanisławów, Baranów and several other villages stand to be affected.[1] Baranów is a small village with its church spire jutting above apple and pear groves.[3]

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Central Transport Hub, Poland
Country:Poland
State or province:Grodzisk Mazowiecki County
Location of conflict:Gmina Baranów
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Land acquisition conflicts
Urban development conflicts
Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Ports and airport projects
Specific commodities:Land
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

Preparatory works on Poland Central Airport are scheduled for 2019, then for construction to be complete in time for commencement of operations to commence by mid-2027. A mega-airport is planned, one of the largest in the world with four runways, initially serving 45 million passengers per year, rising to 100 million.[1] Large volumes of cargo traffic between Europe and Asia are also planned.[5] Envisaged as a key component of a larger mega-project, a multimodal transportation hub called the Central Communication Port, the airport would include a rail station and be integrated with existing and new road and rail infrastructure. A high-speed rail line connecting the two cities of Warsaw and Łódź is planned and the rail line between Berlin and Moscow, providing a high-speed service via Warsaw that commenced operations in December 2016, is immediately north of the proposed airport site. The A2 motorway running between Poland’s western and eastern borders is immediately south of the proposed airport site.[1] Plans for an estimated 248 kilometres of new and expanded road infrastructure include extension of the A2 motorway along with numerous ring roads. In April 2018 the name of the project was confirmed as Central Transport Hub.[4]

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Project area:6,620
Level of Investment:11,000,000,000
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:23/05/2018
Company names or state enterprises:Bank Gospodarstwa Krajowego (BGK) from Poland - Possible involvement in financing the airport project
LOT Polish Airlines (LOT) from Poland - The new airport is expected to be a new hub for LOT Polish AIrlines
Polski Fundusz Rozwoju (Polish Development Fund) (PFR) from Poland - Commission map of potential airport site in 2008. Possible involvement in financing the airport project
Polish Aviation Group (PGL) from Poland - PGL aims to capitalise on the planned new airport
Arup from United Kingdom - Techical adviser
Relevant government actors:Government of Poland
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of mobilization:Public campaigns
Referendum other local consultations
Street protest/marches
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Other Health impacts, Other environmental related diseases
Other Health impactsIllnesses caused by pollutants emitted by aircraft
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Other socio-economic impacts
Outcome
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Development of alternatives:Some critics of the airport project argue that the money allocated for it would be better spent on highways, railways, and upgrading the existing Warsaw Chopin Airport.[3]
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Sources and Materials
Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[2] New Central Polish Airport (Lodz), CAPA (Centre for Aviation),
[click to view]

[4] Plans for Poland’s Mega-Airport Progress Rapidly, The National Law Review, 24 April 2018
[click to view]

[1] Polish government plans mega-airport and aerotropolis, Global Anti-Aerotropolis Movement (GAAM), 16 November 2017
[click to view]

[3] Why Poland Is Planning Europe’s Biggest Airport, Bloomberg, 3 October 2018
[click to view]

[5] Polish lawmakers approve divisive plans for new airport, Associated Press, 11 May 2018
[click to view]

[6] Centralne lotnisko w gminie Baranów. Wojewoda zgodził się na referendum, Wyborcza.pl, 24 May 2018
[click to view]

[7] Poland’s New Law on the Central Communications Port Takes Effect, But Questions Remain, O-I-CEE! Central Europe Legal News and Views Blog, 13 June 2018
[click to view]

[8] Local residents oppose new Central Airport, WBJ (Warsaw Business Journal), 18 June 2018
[click to view]

[9] Poland faces pushback on plans for Mega Airport development, NEWEUROPE, 9 October 2018
[click to view]

[10] New Polish Aviation group gets off the ground, Poland Radio, 11 October 2018
[click to view]

Other documents

Protest against a new airport Protest on 23rd May 2018, placards read “stracimy zrodlo utrzymania - we will lose the source of living”, “nie oddamy naszych ojcowizn - we will not give away our property”. Source: wyborcza.pl
[click to view]

Agriculture Not Airport Protest with tractors on 23rd May 2018, “No Airport in Baranów”, “Agriculture Not Airport”. Source: wyborcza.pl
[click to view]

Residents vote against the new airport Baranów residents voted overwhelmingly against the new airport in a referendum held in June 2018. Source: PAP/Jacek Turczyk
[click to view]

Areas earmarked for new airport Map commissioned by Polski Fundusz Rozwoju (PFR) in 2008 shows two areas identified as suitable for the New Central Polish Airport project
[click to view]

Areas earmarked for airport Map of areas identified as suitable for the New Central Polish Airport project showing villages and existing road and rail links. Source: Global Anti-Aerotropolis Movement (GAAM)
[click to view]

Stanisławów farmland Farmland in Stanisławów, within the proposed site of Central Poland Airport. Source: Adam Stępień / Agencia Gazeta
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Rose Bridger, Stay Grounded, email: [email protected]
Last update01/02/2019
Comments
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