Nice - OIN plaine du Var, France


The OIN (Operation d Intérêt National) Eco-Valley is a project that includes over 30 years of development of the Plaine du Var, an area of about 10 000 ha. This project is coordinated by the Urban Development Agency (EPA) which is responsible for producing the preliminary studies to define future development and implementation.

See more...
Basic Data
NameNice - OIN plaine du Var, France
ProvinceProvence-Alpes Cote dAzur
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Urban development conflicts
Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)
Specific Commodities- Leisure Services. - Transportation Services.
Tourism services
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsConstruction of Olympic Nice Stadium.

Ikea store.

40 km road.

Transportation hub.

An urban technology park (Nice Méridia).

Grand Arénas – a 75,000 m² exhibition and conference park.

Project Area (in hectares)10000
Level of Investment (in USD)588520000
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Population116000
Start Date28/07/2008
Company Names or State EnterprisesThe Public Urban Development Agency Plaine du Var (EPA) from France - it is directed by an Administrative Council compounded of representatives from the different stakeholders
Vinci Group (Vinci) from France
Relevant government actorsThe State, The city of Nice, The Nice Côte d’Azur metropolis, The Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur Region, The General Council of the Alpes-Maritimes
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersCollectif OIN Plaine du Var: pour un debat citoyen., ZAD Geko-VAllée
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of alternative proposals
Land occupation
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Occupational disease and accidents
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCorruption
Development of AlternativesA proposal has to be done yet. They are supposed to make it public over September 2013.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Firstly, it has to be said that it is a very difficult project to oppose because it is very well presented by the promoters. It is said to be green, sustainable and economically friendly for the region. However, opponents do not surrender and they are planning to present an alternative project as well as continue with actions.
Sources and Materials

Décret n° 2008-773 du 30 juillet 2008 portant création de l’Etablissement public. Decree for the foundation of the EPA.


An article with a positive view of the project:
[click to view]

Articles criticising the project (in French):
[click to view]

Le Monde
[click to view]


Official website of the project:
[click to view]

Another website promoting the project:
[click to view]

Collectif O.I.N. Plaine du Var: pour un debat citoyen:
[click to view]

Media Links

Videos of the actions carried out by the opposing EJO:
[click to view]

Other CommentsThe Investment reported comes from public funds.
Meta Information
ContributorAlfred Burballa Noria
Last update08/04/2014