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Niddodi Thermal Power Project, Karnataka, India


Karnataka government has proposed setting up of 4,000 MW ultra mega power project at Niddodi near Moodbidri [1]. The proposed project will be on 1000 acres of land in and around Niddodi. The main plant of the project is planned in the 200 acre government land but plans are to acquire 800 acres more adjoining land which is cultivable [2].

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Niddodi Thermal Power Project, Karnataka, India
State or province:Karnataka
Location of conflict:Village Niddodi
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Thermal power plants
Specific commodities:Coal
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The proposed project will be of 4,000 MW ultra mega power project [1]

Project area:405
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:2013
Company names or state enterprises:Karnataka State Power Corporation LTD (KPCL) from India
Relevant government actors:Government of India
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Mathru Bhoomi Samrakshana Samithi, International Federation of Karnataka Christian Associations (IFKCA), Balmatta Karnataka Theological College, Konkani world Association, Indian Catholic Youth Movement (ICYM), Congress Party
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityHIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Religious groups
Sri Ram Sene outfit would give its all-out support to the peoples movement against the power plant [3]
Forms of mobilization:Development of a network/collective action
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Hunger strikes and self immolation
Residents from more than 10 villages gathered at Niddodi for a one-day hunger strike [4]
Around 2000 villagers of Niddodi have signed a letter addressed to the Chief Minister Siddaramaiah urging him to drop the proposed 4000 mw thermal power project at Niddodi [9]
Villagers agitating against the proposed Thermal Power Project in Niddodi gheraoed Congress partymen led by All India Congress Committee (AICC) member PV Mohan in Bangarpadavu [10]

Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Conflict outcome / response:Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Institutional changes
New legislation
Strengthening of participation
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Development of alternatives:Residents of Niddodi in Moodbidri have adopted an adamant stand that they do not want the proposed ultra mega thermal power plant at Niddodi at any cost [6]. Villagers were alert ever since the project was announced and urged villagers not to sell their land as their act would also affect nearby villages [7] All villagers must swear before the Lord that they would not sell their land for the proposed thermal power project at Niddodi [8]
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:According to protestors Government is trying to implement this project in Niddodi by giving false statement. Even though this is a fertile land, the government shows it as a barren land in the records and gives wrong statistic about the availability of the land. Drawing on example from many similar projects in nearby areas, it is observed that similar kind of projects not only pollute water, land and weather but put citizens health in distress [5]
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Land Acquisition and Rehabilitation Act (2013)
[click to view]

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Environmental impact of coal industry and thermal power plants in India
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[6]No question of permitting Niddodi plant, say villagers
[click to view]

Niddodi villagers firm in their decision to thwart thermal project plans
[click to view]

[7] Puttige villagers join fight against Niddodi project
[click to view]

[8] Villagers to swear not to sell land for Niddodi project
[click to view]

[9] Niddodi villagers write to CM seeking to drop proposed thermal project
[click to view]

[10] Congress delegation gheraoed in Niddodi by Anti-Thermal Power Project Protestors
[click to view]

[1] Power project will destroy cultural heritage of Niddodi
[click to view]

[2] Mangalore: IFKCA symposium highlights harmful effects of Niddodi power project
[click to view]

[3] Mangalore: Sri Ram Sene to Support Movement against Niddodi Power Project
[click to view]

[click to view]

Will request CM to drop Niddodi thermal project : Janardhan Poojari
[click to view]

What happened to the appeals against Niddodi project?,villagers question
[click to view]

[4] Residents from 10 villages protest against thermal power plant at Niddodi
[click to view]

Will persuade Siddu to drop Niddodi project, says Poojary
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

TV9 News: Moodbidri : Locals Express Strong Opposition To Proposed Niddodi Power Plant (in Kannada)
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update20/07/2014
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