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Nizhne-Zeyskaya HPP in the Amur River basin, Russia

The Russian Far East plan was going to include a number of hydro projects on the Amur river basin to control floods and generate electricity. This project never completed preparation phase, the dam was removed from the RusHydro investment plan in 2017.


In 2013, JSC RusHydro announced that it was considering potential cooperation with the China Three Gorges Corporation (CTG) on the construction of storage-based hydroelectric facilities on the feeder rivers of the Amur to contain future flooding in the region, following the massive floods of that same year [2]. According to the Russian company and the Moscow government, significant parts of the Amur River still remains unregulated by reservoirs, leaving it open to periodic catastrophic floods. In order to mitigate the floods and to prevent possible damage, construction of new hydropower dams with large reservoirs is essential, as well as construction of counter-regulator dams in tailrace of the existing large hydropower plants, RusHydro said in a statement.  Nizhne-Zeyskaya Hydro (project also known in Soviet times as “Gramatukhinskaya Hydro”) was among 9 (and then 4) new hydropower plants proposed by RusHydro to Chinese partners for immediate construction right after the large flood of 2013. It should have been built 200 kilometers downstream from the giant Zeyskaya Hydro on Zeya River (one of the tributaries of Amur).  At some point three small “innovative” run of the river power stations were suggested on that river stretch, but by 2005 the design was again consolidated into single large dam with long and wide reservoir. Given already high damage incurred by Zeyskaya Hydro to the Zeya River this was considered an option with lower (but still significant) impact on aquatic ecosystems and local people compared with some other dams planned in Amur River basin. However, according to impact assessments and highlighted by the coalition Rivers without Boundaries, the planned reservoir was effectively dissecting the last remaining mass-migration corridor across the river by the Siberian Roe-deer and zoologists have been fiercely opposing it for years. Nevertheless, a special JSC Nizhne-Zeyskaya HPP was created in 2006 to manage necessary planning\preparation, construction and then exploitation of the new power plant.  After several years of delay in construction, late August 2017 Rushydro announced the liquidation of the project “in accordance with the Program for divestment of non-core assets”. The Company explains that this is one of steps in comprehensive effort to increase efficiency of management of the Company assets. Rivers Without Boundaries commented that "this is a step in right direction that may end many years of brainwashing about extreme necessity to create “flood-control” hydropower dams in Amur [1].

Basic Data
Name of conflict:Nizhne-Zeyskaya HPP in the Amur River basin, Russia
Country:Russian Federation
State or province:Amur Oblast
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Water Management
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Dams and water distribution conflicts
Specific commodities:Electricity
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

Nizhne-Zeyskaya HPP was planned to have a capacity of 400 MW and was included into the development program of Russia’s Far East. The power-generating units of this hydro power plant were going to be launched by 2030 [3] .Nizhne-Zeyskaya Hydro (project also known in Soviet times as “Gramatukhinskaya Hydro”) was planned 200 kilometers downstream from the giant Zeyskaya Hydro on Zeya River. The project never completed preparation phase, the dam was removed from the RusHydro investment plan and the Company was liquidated in 2017. [1]

Level of Investment:N/A
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:N/A
Start of the conflict:2013
End of the conflict:2017
Company names or state enterprises:RusHydro (RusHydro) from Russian Federation
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Rivers Without Boundaries (RwB)
WWF Russia
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Local ejos
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of alternative proposals
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
RwB, WWF and other conservation groups joined forces with the East Siberia Branch of the Russian Research Institute for Integrated Use and Protection of Water Resources (VostokNIIVH) to develop more comprehensive review of integrated flood management.
The book is available here:
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Other Environmental impactsImpacts on the fauna
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Loss of livelihood
Project StatusStopped
Conflict outcome / response:Project cancelled
Development of alternatives:Opposing groups advocate for a stronger state policy for solar and wind projects.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Yes
Briefly explain:Civil society groups and environmental organizations salute the decision to scrap the project.
Sources and Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Basin-wide environmental assessment of hydropower development scenarios
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[1] Rivers Without Boundaries - RusHydro Announced Liquidation of the Nizhne-Zeyskaya Hydro Co.– the Last Greenfield Hydropower Project Proposed in the Amur River Basin

[click to view]

[2] International Water Power - RusHydro and CTG consider cooperation in flood control hydro facilities

24 October 2013
[click to view]

[3] RusHydro to Build Two HPPs in Far East
[click to view]

Other documents

Source: Rivers without Boundaries
[click to view]

Bureyskaya hydropower plant Source:
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Daniela Del Bene - ENVJUSTICE project
Last update25/09/2017
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