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NTPC Thermal Power Plant at Lara in Chhattisgarh, India


In November 2012, the National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) announced it will set up a 5X800 MW Super thermal Power Project at Lara in Raigarh District of Chhatisgarh. Currently, NTPC (Western region) II is operating three super thermal power stations in Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh contributing nearly 9340 MW of power. The project will be based on super critical technology. The coal requirement will be met from Talaipalli Coal Block of Mand Raigarh Coalfields. Water will be obtained from Mahanadi River.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:NTPC Thermal Power Plant at Lara in Chhattisgarh, India
State or province:Chhattisgarh
Location of conflict:Lara
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Coal extraction and processing
Specific commodities:Electricity
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The NTPC plant will come up near Lara village in Raigarh district. The power plant will have five units of 800 Mw each.It would be producing 4000 Mw of power. The NTPC would give 50 per cent power to the state.

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Project area:487
Level of Investment:1,531,276,507
Type of populationRural
Start of the conflict:23/11/2011
Company names or state enterprises:National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) from India
Relevant government actors:Government of India, National Green Tribunal
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:People of at least 50 villages in 12 gram panchayats of Jharsugudas Lakhanpur block have opposed the 4, MW NTPC power project at Lora in Chhattisgarh.
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local government/political parties
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
The project was visited by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on September 19, 2013. Local villegers have decided to organize a road blockade on September 19 on the Odisha-Chhattisgarh border.
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusUnder construction
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Negotiated alternative solution
Strengthening of participation
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Development of alternatives:Public hearing of affected people from villages of Orissa should take place.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Locals claim that the project will affect several villages in Odisha, the company should have conducted public hearing to know the reaction of the people. Since there was no public hearing, they have decided to take the matter to the National Green Tribunal.
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Government of India, Ministry of Environment and Forest -- Environment Clarence of Lara Super Thermal Power Plant
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

(1) Greenclearance Watch
[click to view]

NTPC to set up 4000 MW Power Project in Chhattisgarh
[click to view]

NTPCs four new projects coming up in Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh
[click to view]

Chhattisgarh signs MoU with NTPC for 4000 Mw power project
[click to view]

NTPC to set up 4,000 MW power plant in Chhattisgarh
[click to view]

NTPC to set up 4,000 MW power plant in Chhattisgarh
[click to view]

NTPC to invest around Rs 12,000 cr for project in Chhattisgarh
[click to view]

Villagers oppose NTPC plant
[click to view]

(1) Greenclearance Watch
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Indian Environmental Portal on You tube on the case:
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update08/04/2014
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