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Nuclear Waste Disposal at Trgovska gora, Croatia

The Croatian government’s decision to store nuclear waste from the NPP “Krško” in Trgovska gora, at the border with Bosnia, has provoked strong opposition in both countries.


Croatia owns 50% of the Nuclear Power Plant “Krško” in Slovenia and as such it is obliged to take care of half of the nuclear waste after the NPP stops working in 2043. Slovenia has already build the permanent nuclear waste repository in close proximity to the NPP Krško (locality Vrbina). Croatian government, however, found more economically viable to build the repository within its territory, also because of EU funds directed to local municipalities hosting such object.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Nuclear Waste Disposal at Trgovska gora, Croatia
State or province:Sisak-Moslavina County
Location of conflict:Dvor na Uni, Municipality of Dvor
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Nuclear
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Nuclear power plants
Nuclear waste storage
Specific commodities:Uranium
Nuclear waste, medical and industrial radioactive waste
Project Details and Actors
Project details

NPP "Krško" was built in 1981.

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Project area:54,000
Level of Investment:213,000,000
Type of populationSemi-urban
Affected Population:235,000
Start of the conflict:1999
Company names or state enterprises:Energy and Environmental Protection Institute (EKONERG) from Croatia - Author of the strategic study
Nuclear Power Plant "Krško" from Slovenia - Source of nuclear waste
Relevant government actors:The Government of Republic of Croatia; The State Office for Nuclear Safety, Croatia; The National Assembly of Republic of Srpska; Parliament of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina; The Ministry of Spatial Planning, Civil Engineering and Ecology of Republic of Srpska
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:"STOP deponiji radioaktivnog otpada na Trgovskoj gori"; Local authorities in the Una River Basin; Political party “Živi zid” (Living Wall); Local Action Group LAG-UNA, Associacion "Iskra", Novi Grad; “Regionalnog foruma za okolišnu sigurnost i suradnju”; Associations "Zrinjska gora" and "Put kestena"; Mining, Geology and Civil Engineering Faculty of University of Tuzla, among others.
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Local scientists/professionals
Young people and kids, beekeepers, Serbian minority
Fisher people
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Referendum other local consultations
Street protest/marches
Diplomatic activities
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Conflict outcome / response:Public discussions
Proposal and development of alternatives:The opponents agree that the best solution would be to invest in new tanks in the existing waste repository in Slovenia. The government of Bosnian and Herzegovina leads a diplomatic battle against the project.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:It stays to be seen in 2016 if the diplomatic and public pressure will make the Croatian government quit the idea of depositing nuclear waste in Trgovska gora.
Sources & Materials
Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc)

Decision on public discussion continuation
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References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

Critical analysis of "Strategic studies for national program implementation strategy of radioactive waste management"
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Public discussion
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Report from the protest and public hearing in Dvor
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Croatian Radioactive Waste Site Alarms Bosnians (in English)
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B&H demands solution from Croatia
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Hrvatske Srbe zavadio nuklearni otpad u Dvoru
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Zvizdić: Hrvatska nuklearni otpad treba skladištiti u Krškom, ne na Trgovskoj gori
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Trans-boundary resistance against the storage
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Report from the public debate
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Activists against the representative of Croatian Office for Nuclear Safety
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Government of B&H united against the storage in Dvor
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Croatian newspapers on the storage
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Trgovska gora and nuclear waste
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Slovenia suggest joint nuclear storage to Croatia
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Trgovska gora is predominantly inhabited by Serbian minority
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Letter by the representative of Serbian minority
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U ovom mjestu u Hrvatskoj će se skladištiti nuklearni otpad iz Krškog.
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On economic aspect of the case
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About plans to build nuclear waste storage
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Diplomatic battle
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B&H authorities at the ESPOO conference
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Open letter to the president of Croatia
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RS opposed to Croatia's plan to build radioactive waste storage facility near border (in English)
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Bosnia and Croatia Spar Over Radioactive Waste Site (in English)
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Trabs-boundary impact of nuclear waste
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Serbian minority and nuclear waste in Trgovska gora
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Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Issue related news
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TV interview with activist Dijana Savić and director of State Office for Nuclear Safety -Saša Medaković
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Protests in Dvor
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Protest in Zagreb
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Public discussion in Dvor
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Mayor of Petrinja against the nuclear waste
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Bosnian authorities reaction
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Protest in Dvor unites Croatia and B&H actors
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Local reactions on the storage
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Meta information
Contributor:Jovanka Spiric, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, vankajo(at)
Last update18/08/2019
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