In June 2000, in spite of a three years global opposition campaign, led by local population and International NGOs, the World Bank financed the Chad-Cameroon Oil Pipeline, a 1,100 km (685 mile) pipeline for crude oil from southern Chad, through tropical forest, to Cameroon’s Atlantic coast. The project also included the construction of 300 oil wells in Chad. The Cameroonian rainforest covers an area of about 20 million hectares, some 40 percent of the national territory. Besides posing a serious threat upon the biodiversity and the ecosystem of the country, the construction of the oil pipeline and the subsequent deforestation generated serious social conflicts, and deprived local indigenous communities of territorial resources and traditional livelihoods, especially the Bakola Pygmy people, who rely on hunting and gathering. Bantou villagers claimed Pygmies’ lands as theirs and received the compensations which were due to the Pygmies. In 2002, a project by Forest Peoples Programme helped resolve some of the long-standing rivalries between the Bantou and the pygmies. Overall the compensation plan by Cameroon Oil Transportation Company (COCTO) is insufficient. And so was the “Indigenous Peoples Programme”, implemented by the FEDEC, which was not adequate to the Pygmies’ needs.