Oil seed farming project in Tana River Delta, Kenya


G4 International Limited entered into a legal agreement for the management of Wachu ranch in Garsen, west of the Tana Delta. The aim is to establish an oilseed crop growing and processing facility in the property. They proposed to grow crambe, castor and sunflower crops on a 28,911 hectares land, with the main water source coming from the Tana River.

See more...
Basic Data
NameOil seed farming project in Tana River Delta, Kenya
ProvinceCoast Province
SiteTana Delta district
Accuracy of LocationLOW country/state level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Dams and water distribution conflicts
Intensive food production (monoculture and livestock)
Agro-fuels and biomass energy plants
Specific CommoditiesLand

Crude oil
Carbon offsets
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe crops to be grown are oil crops: Sunflower, crambe and castor with an initial nitrogen fixing crop of groundnut. The proponent will practice the Pivot Irrigation System to prevent the crops suffering from water stress which might affect their productivity. Water for the irrigation farm will be sourced from rainwater supplemented from floods water. In the extreme dry weather conditions, the proponent will source some supplement from river Tana. The farming project will be based on the principles of Conservation Agriculture anchored on sustainable use of environmental resources, hence a sustainable development which is supported by on farm production facilities and logistics.
Project Area (in hectares)28911
Level of Investment (in USD)13617908
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected Population80000
Start Date03/2010
Company Names or State EnterprisesG4 International Limited from United Kingdom
G4 International Kenya Limited from Kenya
Relevant government actorsOffice of the president, Provincial Administration (Provincial Commissioners, District Commissioners, District Officers, Area Chiefs and Assistant Chiefs), National Environment Management Authority , Tana River District, Ministry of Lands, Ministry of Roads, Ministry of Agriculture, County Councils, Ministry of Labour, department of Occupational Health and Safety, Ministry of Water and Irrigation, Ministry of Wildlife and Forestry, Kenya Wildlife Service
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersNature Kenya, East African Wild Life Society, Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) and BirdLife International
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LATENT (no visible organising at the moment)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Loss of livelihood
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseEnvironmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Negotiated alternative solution
Withdrawal of company/investment
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.The proponent abandoned the project citing issues with soil quality and worrying longterm impacts of climate change which increased project risk
Sources and Materials

Constitution of the Republic of Kenya, 2010; Forests Act, 2005; Forest Policy; Wildlife (Conservation and Management) Act of 1976 ; Environmental Management and Co-ordination Act (EMCA) of 1999; Environmental Policy;Water Act, 2002; Water Policy (National Policy on Water Resources Management); The Agriculture Act, Cap 318; The Local Government Act, Cap 265.


Nature Kenya internal reports;

Resettlement Action Plan Report of G4 International Limited, 2010.


Tana River Delta
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorSerah Munguti
Last update04/12/2014