Last update:
2018-07-12

Oil Spills in Khanty-Mansi Region, Russia

As denounced by Greenpeace in 2012, in the number one oil-producing region – the Khanty-Mansi region in Northwestern Siberia – there are large oil spills from corroded pipelines, damaging local human and animal populations.


Description:

In the number one oil-producing region in Russia – the Khanty-Mansi region in Northwestern Siberia – the annual oil spills from pipelines amounted to 5,781.4 tons on an area of 229.6 hectares in 2009. In 2010, Russian company Rosneft alone spilled 3,738 tons, and in 2011 a total of 5,289 tons of oil was spilled in the region. (2, 3) The annual spill of crude oil in Russia is as much as 5 million tons, which is nearly six times the amount spilled in the Gulf of Mexico in 2010. (4) Gennady Bukhtin, Deputy Governor of the region, stated that there are over 4,000 ha of oil spills in the Khanty-Mansi region alone and the cost for restoration is estimated at $45,000-60,500 (1.5-2 million rubles) per ha (1). The company Rosneft represented 75% of the oil spills in 2011 but are joined by companies such as Lukoil, Surgutneftegaz and TNK-BP (3).

See more
Basic Data
Name of conflict:Oil Spills in Khanty-Mansi Region, Russia
Country:Russian Federation
State or province:Khanty-Mansi
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Gas flaring
Deforestation
Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Specific commodities:Crude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

By 2020, the expected oil production in Western Siberia shall amount to 290- million tons per year (2)

Project area:4,000: (1)
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:250
Start of the conflict:2012
Company names or state enterprises:Rosneft from Russian Federation
Lukoil from Russian Federation
TNK-ВР from Russian Federation
Tomskneft VNK from Russian Federation
Surgutneftegaz
Relevant government actors:The Economic Development Ministry
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Greenpeace, www.greenpeace.org, World Wildlife Fund, www.wwf.org
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stageMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups mobilizing:Indigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Pastoralists
Indigenous Khanty, Mansi and Nenets peoples, reindeer herders
Forms of mobilization:Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Fires, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Other Environmental impacts
Potential: Global warming
Other Environmental impactsImpacts on animal life, reindeer herding.
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Potential: Accidents, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Conflict outcome / response:Migration/displacement
Repression
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:Despite criticism from EJOs, the Russian oil companies continue their operations using infrastructure that is falling apart from age and corrosion, leaving the indigenous inhabitants of the Khanty-Mansi region with heavily polluted nature and decreasing means for sustenance.
Sources and Materials
References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

OF OIL-AND-GAS PRODUCTION COMPLEX IN NIZHNEVARTOVSK REGION, Oil and Gas Business, No. 4, 2011, pp. 78-81.
[click to view]

D. V. Moskovchenko, 2005, Oil Products in Bottom Sediments of Water Bodies in Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Water Resources, Vol. 32, No. 1, 2005, pp. 79–83.
[click to view]

Vaver O.Y., 2012, THE ANALYSIS OF SOCIAL CONFLICTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT IN THE KHANTY-MANSI AUTONOMOUS OKRUG – UGRA, Geographical Sciences, No. 11, 2012, pp. 533-537 (In Russian)
[click to view]

(2) G.K. Hodzhaeva, 2011, FEATURES OF LAND POLLUTION BY ENTERPRISES

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

(3) Dismal spill findings on Russian state oil giant should give Norwegian partner Statoil pause
[click to view]

(4) The Moskow News, Choking over spilled oil
[click to view]

(5) Exposing oil exploitation in the Russian Arctic
[click to view]

(7) Чем больше добываем – тем больше разливаем?
[click to view]

(8) Khanty Mansi Oil Development
[click to view]

Daily routine of oil giant Rosneft: oil drilling=oil spilling
[click to view]

Shocking Siberian Oil Spillage
[click to view]

Our blackened boots expose the truth in the Russian Arctic
[click to view]

Black Snow: Oil and the Khanty of West Siberia
[click to view]

(6) 'If the oil men leave us in peace, we'll always be able support ourselves.' - A trip to reindeer herders' family in Siberia,
[click to view]

The Guardian. Alec Luhn in the Khanty-Mansi region. 17 Mar 201

The reindeer herder struggling to take on oil excavators in Siberia

Sergei Kechimov, appointed guardian of a holy lake by his community, says the indigenous way of life is under threat.
[click to view]

(1) THE AUTHORITIES OF THE KHANTY-MANSIYSK AUTONOMOUS DISTRICT ARE GOING TO RECLAMATE ALL AREAS SUFFERED FROM OIL SPILLS WITHIN 4 YEARS.
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Our blackened boots expose the truth in the Russian Arctic
[click to view]

years of destruction
[click to view]

Oil spills at Mamontovskoye oil field in Khanty-Mansi Okrug
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Linda Dubec
Last update12/07/2018
Comments
Legal notice / Aviso legal
We use cookies for statistical purposes and to improve our services. By clicking "Accept cookies" you consent to place cookies when visiting the website. For more information, and to find out how to change the configuration of cookies, please read our cookie policy. Utilizamos cookies para realizar el análisis de la navegación de los usuarios y mejorar nuestros servicios. Al pulsar "Accept cookies" consiente dichas cookies. Puede obtener más información, o bien conocer cómo cambiar la configuración, pulsando en más información.