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Pakri-Barwadih Coal Mining in Jharkhand, India


Pakri Barwadih Block is located in Hazaribagh district of Jharkhand state, India. The block has been allotted to NTPC Limited by Ministry of Coal, Government of India [1]. Pakri-Barwadih coal mining project is a joint venture project between Thiess Minecs and National Thermal Power Corporation Limited (NTPC). On 30 November, 2010, Thiess Minecs got a contract from NTPC Limited, for a 27 year deal to develop and operate the green-field Pakri Barwadih coal mine in the state of Jharkhand. Pakri Barwadih will be the first of six mines NTPC intends to develop to provide low cost coal for its power stations, replacing expensive imported coal [2]. The proposed mining project is going to feed NTPC’s ultra mega power project in the region.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Pakri-Barwadih Coal Mining in Jharkhand, India
State or province:Jharkhand
Location of conflict:Pakri-Barwadih
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Coal extraction and processing
Specific commodities:Coal
Project Details and Actors
Project details

The project, is targeted to produce around 1.5 million metric tonnes of coal [3]. Thiess Minecs a partner of the project has completed the mine planning and design. NTPC wants to enhance the capacity to 18 Mt. The work in this line is in progress. In January 2013, Thiess Minecs plans to start its first operation in consultation with NTPC [2].

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Project area:3,320
Level of Investment:$5.5 billion
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:8,340
Company names or state enterprises:National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) from India
Thiess India Private Limited from India
Thiess Minecs India Private Limited from India
Minecs Finvest holding from Australia
Relevant government actors:Government of India, Ministry of Coal
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Karanpura Bachao, Janmabhoomi Raksha Sangharsh Samitee
Conflict & Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stageIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Social movements
Forms of mobilization:Blockades
Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Conflict outcome / response:Compensation
Negotiated alternative solution
New legislation
Strengthening of participation
Development of alternatives:Under the new Rehabilation & Resettlement (R&R) policy of NTPC each of the displaced persons, who will lose their land, will now get Rs 15 lakh against the original Rs 10 lakh per acre. The villegers are demanding compensation amount from Rs 15 lakh to Rs 40 lakh per acre.
Villagers also demand for permanent jobs in lieu of their land [4]
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:Villagers demand increasing compensation and permanent jobs in lieu of their land. NTPC wants to stick to their Rehabilitation and Resettlement policy.
Sources & Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Rehabilitation & Resettlement (NTPC Ltd.)
[click to view]

Resettlement (R&R) Policy (June-2010) of NTPC
[click to view]

Rehabilitation &

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

NTPC may opt out of mining in Jharkhand
[click to view]

Pakri-Barwadih coal mining project
[click to view]

NTPC to begin work in Hazaribag block
[click to view]

Protesters halt NTPC mining in Hazaribag
[click to view]

[4]NTPC chief visited proposed Pakri-Barwadih coal mining project
[click to view]

National Thermal Power Corporation Ltd - Appointment of Mining Development cum Operator for Pakri Barwadih
[click to view]

Pakri Barwadih Coal Mine, Hazaribagh, Jharkhand
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:Swapan Kumar Patra
Last update24/06/2014
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