Pande and Temene Gas Field, Mozambique


Gas was found in Pande and Temane in 1961 and 1967, respectively. In 2004, the South African Sasol bought the rights from Enron to explore gas in this region. The project includes a pipeline which runs from the gas fields in Inhambane to its Secunda plant in South Africa. SASOL attempted to register this project as a CDM but environmental organizations protested this decision on the basis that the company already planned to make this investment. The CDM was rejected. This year the company announced plans to build a plant to generate electricity from gas in Ressano Garcia, which lies on the border with South Africa.

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Basic Data
NamePande and Temene Gas Field, Mozambique
SitePande and Temane
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas refining
Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Gas flaring
Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Specific CommoditiesElectricity

Natural Gas
Carbon offsets
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThis is a billian dollar project, supported by the Mozambican government, investors, and the South African state. SASOL pays taxes primarily through granting the Mozambican state 5% of the gas produced, as well by setting up 'socially responsible' projects. Currently the company is exploring 147 million gigajoules annually. Only 3 million gigajoules are consumed by Mozambique. This goes primarily to large industries such as Mozal and Cimentos de Mocambique, as well to run a very small number of public buses (some reports estimate as little as 20 buses). This project has created around 700 jobs.

Project Area (in hectares)--
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date2008
Company Names or State EnterprisesSasol from South Africa
Relevant government actorsMinistry of Natural Resources, Ministry of Trade and Industry, Empresa Nacional de Hidrocarbonetos
International and Financial InstitutionsUnited Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change/CDM (UNFCC)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersJustica Ambiental, Earthlife Africa Thinktanks: Iniciativa de Transparencia na Industria Extractiva, Centro de Integridade Publica, Instituto de Estudios Economicos e Sociais
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginUNKNOWN
Groups MobilizingInternational ejos
Local ejos
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Official complaint letters and petitions
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Global warming
Project StatusUnknown
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseApplication of existing regulations
the CDM was rejected
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.The start of the conflict relates to the date when the company applied for a CDM. The 'success' is based on the successful contestation by Earthlife Africa of the CDM. However, the project itself continues and SASOL is expanding its reach in Mozambique. In 2010 the Mozambican government granted SASOL and the Empresa Nacional de Hidrocarbonetos a concession for oil exploration in Inhambane. They will have 8 years to explore an area aprox 8370km. In the event that they find oil, they will have a 30-year consession which will be split 90-10. The area is, adjacent to Pande and Temane.
Sources and Materials

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The Natural gas project
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Meta Information
ContributorRuth Castel-Branco
Last update08/04/2014