Controversial incineration plant in Tatarstan, Russia

Five incineration plants are to be built near Moscow and Tatarstan; over the last couple of months people have started to protest against the construction of the plants due to too much pollution.


As part of the “Clean Country” project in Russia (2017-2025) [1], five incineration plants are to be built within 2022; four in the Moscow region and one in the Tatarstan region. The plants were supposed to be constructed in October 2017, but now the governor of the Moscow region, Andrei Vorobiev has announced that the construction of the plants will be postponed to 2019 [2]. The aim with these incineration plants is to reduce the environmental damage from buried solid household waste by recycling the waste. It is estimated that the waste will be reduced with 30% by 2023 and thereby improving the living condition for 23 million people and produce 2.68 kWh electricity per year, according to the “Clean Country” report. It is planned that the operator of all of the five incineration plants will be RT-invest, the subsidiary company of Rostec [3] [4]. In total an amount of 243.4 billion rubles (equivalent to 4.142668 billion USD) has been invested in the project so far [5]. 

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Basic Data
NameControversial incineration plant in Tatarstan, Russia
CountryRussian Federation
SiteKazan (Казань)
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Waste Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Incinerators
Specific CommoditiesDomestic municipal waste
Project Details and Actors
Level of Investment (in USD)around 4,000,000,000
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected Population23 million
Start Date15/04/2017
Company Names or State EnterprisesRT-invest from Russian Federation - Invester
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Local government/political parties
Forms of MobilizationOfficial complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Global warming, Waste overflow
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Other environmental related diseases, Other Health impacts
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseStrengthening of participation
Development of AlternativesOpponents of the incineration plants MSZ suggest using other technologies - separate collection of rubbish and its processing. Denis Timofeev pointed out that the garbage processing plant was built, for example, in Cheboksary. From the construction of the MSZ after the protest of the residents previously refused in Moscow and the Leningrad region. "If you collect quality and separate waste, you do not have to burn anything," the activists believe [5].
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The investors and the governmental actors have decided to go ahead with the project even though there has been quite a lot of resistance against it. The people protesting feel that they are not being heard, but they will continue to protest and shut the incineration plants down if it comes to that point.
Sources and Materials

[5] Kommensant newspaper, «Мы в любом случае его закроем»
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[11] Kazan Reporter news, Противники строительства мусоросжигательного завода собрались в парке Урицкого
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[2] Interfax newspaper, Первый мусоросжигательный завод собрались строить в Подмосковье в 2018 году
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[12] Iaf Kosmos news, Митинг против строительства мусоросжигательного завода пройдет в Казани
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[1] Clean Country report
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[6] Greenpeace, Новую Москву и Подмосковье накроет токсичный дым от мусоросжигательных заводов
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[8] Bezformata newspaper, Противники строительства мусоросжигательного завода выйдут на митинг в Казани
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[7] Regnum newspaper, Запретите строительство мусоросжигательных заводов: Казань – Путину
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[4] Rostec, RT-invest
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[3] Vedomosti newspaper, Мусоросжигательные заводы «Чистой страны» ждут утверждения правительством
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[9] MK Ru newspaper, В Казани на митинге собрались противники строительства мусоросжигательного завода
[click to view]

[10] Prokazan news, В Казани вновь пройдет митинг против строительства мусоросжигательного завода
[click to view]

Other Documents

Protest in Kazan
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Girl with mask: “We want to breath” Foto: Артем Дергунов
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"It's better to recycle than to burn waste"
[click to view]

Other CommentsIt is difficult to say exactly how much is being invested in this project because almost every source states a different number, but the most frequent number has been 243.4 billion rubles in total.
Meta Information
ContributorDaria Rivin, EnvJustice, [email protected]
Last update15/12/2017