Last update:
2018-01-22

Port expansion in La Punta, Valencia, Spain

Reaunado conflicto en La Punta, Valencia, tras el anuncio, por parte de la Administración (GV, Autoridad Portuariay Ayto de València) de que se ha iniciado, de nuevo, procedimiento para aprobar el Plan Especial para desarrollo de la ZAL


Description:

La ciudad de Valencia se encuentra en una zona de tierras extraordinariamente fértiles (llamada l'Horta de Valencia). Especialmente desde la década de 1960, todos los tipos de desarrollo urbano (casas, carreteras, industrias, centros comerciales, universidades y museos) han tenido lugar a expensas de l'Horta de Valencia.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Port expansion in La Punta, Valencia, Spain
Country:Spain
State or province:Valencia
Location of conflict:Valencia
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Urban development conflicts
Ports and airport projects
Specific commodities:Transport Services, Logistical Services
Tourism services
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

ZAL was a center for logistic development. The idea behing it was that all sorts of goods could be stored, transfomed or exchanged in that area. Warehouses could be built and all type of services related to assistance to transport could be offered (restaurants, hotels or recreation areas).

Project area:75
Type of populationUrban
Affected Population:2,000
Start of the conflict:1993
Relevant government actors:Regional government of Valencia , Valencian Town Council
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Associació de Veïns La Unificadora de La Punta, Plataforma Salvem La Punta, Salvem l’Horta
Plataforma horta és futur NO a la ZAL
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Informal workers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Women
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
squatters
university students
Forms of mobilization:Artistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals)
Blockades
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil erosion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Soil contamination, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Other Health impactsDepression
Socio-economical ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Conflict outcome / response:Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Institutional changes
Land demarcation
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Repression
- Popular Legislation Initiative
Development of alternatives:There was no need of port expansion.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:Not Sure
Briefly explain:More than 100 families were evicted and 75 hectares of Horta were destroyed. In the end the expansion of the port did not happened and what used to be one of the most fertile zones in Europe now is unused sterile land. In July 2013, the Highest Court of Justice ratified that the Urbanistic Plan which destroyed La Punta de Valencia was illegal and, therefore, null.
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Pla especial d´ampliació del patrimoni públic de sòl per al desenvolupament de la zona dactivitats logístiques. Conselleria dObres públiques, urbanisme i transport. Febrer de 1998.

References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries

VVAA (1999) Els valors de la Punta. 18 arguments en defensa de lHorta. València: Universitat de València.

Documentary about lhorta. A Tornallom:
[click to view]

Comissió de territori de Acció ecologista Agró: Exigim la restitució de l´horta de la Punta
[click to view]

10 raons per salvar la punta:
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Academic website with lots of information: a la punta.htm
[click to view]

Per l'Horta web:
[click to view]

Estado Español. Movimientos sociales mantienen el rechazo a la gran zona logística (ZAL) del Puerto de Valencia
[click to view]

Website un blog colectivo sobre los derechos humanos. La Punta: orgullo y vergüenza:
[click to view]

Newspaper article. El TSJ ratifica la nulidad del plan que destruyó la huerta de La Punta. El Pais:
[click to view]

40 organizaciones sociales rechazan el Plan Especial para la expansión del Puerto de Valencia
[click to view]

Catorce asociaciones exigen la retirada del Plan especial de la ZAL del Puerto de Valencia
[click to view]

La plataforma 'Horta és futur' presenta alegaciones al proyecto de la ZAL para «recuperarla para la ciudad»
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Video about the conflict:
[click to view]

Photo-exhibition:
[click to view]

Other documents

Manifestación por l'Horta como zona productiva Source: https://www.20minutos.es/noticia/3147301/0/plataforma-horta-es-futur-presenta-alegaciones-al-proyecto-zal-para-recuperarla-para-ciudad/
[click to view]

Other comments:El conflicto se ha reanudado 2017/2018 tras el anuncio, por parte de la Administración, por tercera vez, de la reanudación del procedimiento para aprobar el Plan Especial para desarrollo de la ZAL (Zona de actividades Logísticas) del Puerto de Valencia.
Meta information
Contributor:Amaranta Herrero/ 2ªfase (2017/2018) Liduvina Calatayud_Mediacciona
Last update22/01/2018
Comments
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