On the morning of 17 January, 2017 Mofijul Khan (26) and Alam Mollah (22), died of gunshot wounds during a protest organized by the villagers which turned violent. The villagers of Polehat II panchayat of Bhangar in the South 24 districts in West Bengal have been protesting for many months now against the construction of a sub-station and the high voltage transmission lines. The story starts in 2013, when the Trinamool Congress, the ruling party in the state of West Bengal since 2011, forcibly acquired 13 acres of agricultural land in Khamarait for construction of the power project by Power Grid Corporation of India Limited (PGCIL). PGCIL is a central government organization which had planned to set up the substation of 440/220KV for transmission of electricity . The substation would have an insulation of sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) and along with an associated 953 Km (480 Km passing through West Bengal) length of 400KV double circuit, 450MW Transmission lines for transmitting power between West Bengal and Purnia in Bihar would cost about Rs.1200 crores. The power for the substation will be provided from the NTPC power projects at Farraka in West Bengal and Kahalgoan in Bihar . The villagers were informed that the power would be used to electricify nearby areas, and the normal transmission lines would be constructed along the road sides . However, in early 2016, when the sub-station was nearly completed and the transmission lines were starting to be installed, the villagers found out that the transmission towers were being constructed in their fertile fields, without their permission. This made the villagers suspicious. The villagers were also not informed of the number of transmission towers which were to be constructed. There was a clear lack of transparency in the dealings of the state authorities with the villagers . The protests gained momentum in October 2016 as the villagers became more aware of the consequences of the sulphur hexafluoride insulated substation and the high voltage transmission lines through their fields. According to Nisha Biswas, a scientist who has joined the movement, “High tension lines create strong electromagnetic fields (EMF). The EMF can extend to about 300 meters and is the strongest directly under the power lines, and gradually fades away with increasing distance. Many have experienced mild electric shocks while walking under lines while walking with an umbrella even on a clear day. The field is so high that if one places florescent tube under the current carrying high voltage wire, it lights itself without any electric connection.”  With the help of the CPI(ML) Red Star, the villagers started an independent committee called Jomi, Jeebika, Vaasthuthahntro, O Parivesh Raksha Committee (Committee for Protection of Land, Livelihood, Biodiversity and Environment) to demand this project to be shut down.