Oil exploration in the Black Sea, Russia

"Hand off Sochi!", a small scale protest against oil exploration near Sochi (Сочи) to protect a closed territory that has no direct access to the ocean. Boycotts and pickets to stop explorations


Rosneft is planning to drill two six-kilometer exploratory wells on the West-Black Sea shelf in the end of 2017; the Sochi-1 and Olginskaya-1 well, approximately 60-80 kilometers from the Lazarevsky district in the city of Sochi. Rosneft is collaborating with the Italian company Eni on the project, which is estimated to have an investment of $50-55 billion [1] [2]. The area of ​​the West-Black Sea shelf is around 8,600 square meters, at a depth of water from 600 to 2250 m. The total recoverable resources of the field are estimated at about 10 billion barrels of oil [3].

See more...
Basic Data
NameOil exploration in the Black Sea, Russia
CountryRussian Federation
ProvinceKrasnodar kraj
SiteSochi (Сочи)
Accuracy of LocationLOW country/state level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Specific CommoditiesCrude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsRosneft has a license for oil exploration in 7 areas in Russian waters of the Black, Caspian and Azov Seas, in which they cooperate with ExxonMobil, Eni and PJSC Lukoil. The resource potential of the sites is estimated at 3.34 billion tons oil [8].

Rosneft and Eni has established a joint venture in which Rosneft holds 66.67% of the share and Eni 33.33% [9].
Project Area (in hectares)0,86
Level of Investment (in USD)50-55,000,000,000
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Start Date03/09/2017
Company Names or State EnterprisesRosneft from Russian Federation
Eni group from Italy
Relevant government actorsYabloko (Яблоко), the Russian United Democratic Party. The main slogan of the party is "For freedom and justice!" [http://www.yabloko.ru/Krasnodar/2017/10/27].
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersSeveral members of EcoWatch [https://www.ecowatch.com/].
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Local government/political parties
Forms of MobilizationMedia based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Boycotts of companies-products
A picket was held as a protest against the oil drilling, and residents of Sochi refused to buy fuel at the Rosneft petrol stations.
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Global warming, Oil spills, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Other socio-economic impacts
OtherCitizens of Sochi worry that the project will adversely affect the development of small and medium-sized businesses in Sochi, and that it will affect the housing market and reduce the attractiveness of the resort as a whole.
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.According to some of the local environmentalist fighting against the oil exploration near Sochi, it is necessary to send the resolution of the rally to the largest environmental organisations and launch an international campaign that could affect the foreign partner of Rosneft, Eni. They do not believe that they can handle the situation by themselves or that they will be clearly heard without help from the outside.
Sources and Materials

[8] Rosneft's website
[click to view]

[9] Russian news agency, TASS
[click to view]

[1] Кавказ.Реалии news, "Этот проект поставит крест на курортах"
[click to view]

[2] Кавказ.Реалии news, В Сочи состоялся митинг против нефтедобычи в Черном море
[click to view]

[3] РБК news, «Роснефть» привлечет Saipem в подсанкционный проект на Черном море
[click to view]

[4] Росбалт news, Сочинцы начали бойкот автозаправок «Роснефти» из-за планов добычи нефти на шельфе
[click to view]

[5] Strategic Action Plan for the Rehabilitation and Protection of the Black Sea (1996)
[click to view]

[6] Голос Кубани, В Международный день Черного моря в Сочи пройдет пикет против добычи нефти
[click to view]

[7] Яблоко, В Сочи пройдет пикет в защиту экосистемы Черного моря
[click to view]

Other Documents

Picket in front of the Municipality of Sochi
[click to view]

A call to save the Black Sea An invitation for the picket on the 31st of October
[click to view]

[click to view]

Rosneft's plans of oil exploration in the Black Sea The residents of Sochi are protesting against the site called Южно-черноморский уч. which is the South Black Sea license area [http://neftianka.ru/sankciyam-na-zlo-scarabeo-9-idet-v-chernoe-more/].
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorDaria Rivin, EnvJustice, [email protected]
Last update23/11/2017