Last update:
2014-08-26

Proyecto hidroeléctrico La Miel II, Colombia

Description:

EL proyecto hidroeléctrico La Miel II, estaría ubicado, al igual que La Miel I, sobre el Río La Miel en el punto donde confluye con los ríos Tenerife y Pensilvania.

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Proyecto hidroeléctrico La Miel II, Colombia
Country:Colombia
State or province:Caldas
Location of conflict:Samaná, Marquetalia, La Victoria
Accuracy of locationMEDIUM (Regional level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict. 1st level:Water Management
Type of conflict. 2nd level:Dams and water distribution conflicts
Land acquisition conflicts
Water access rights and entitlements
Specific commodities:Electricity
Land
Water
Project Details and Actors
Project details

Vida útil del proyecto: 50 años

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Project area:36,300
Level of Investment:243,339,076
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:34,000
Start of the conflict:23/04/2000
Company names or state enterprises:Instituto de Promoción y Financiamiento de Caldas (INFICALDAS) from Colombia
Empresa de Energía del Pacífico (EPSA) from Colombia - Originariamente promotora del proyecto. En el 2012, tras las problemáticas que tuvo la Sociedad Promotora para poner en marcha el proyecto, el departamento de Caldas le pagó a EPSA 7,159 millones de pesos por sus activos y derechos sobre el proyecto.
Union Fenosa from Spain - Promotora hasta el 2012
Relevant government actors:Gobernación de Caldas, Ministerio de Minas y Energía, Ministerio de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sostenible, Ministerio de Vivienda, Defensoría del Pueblo, Agencia Nacional de Licencias Ambientales -ANLA-, Contraloría General de la Nación.
International and Finance InstitutionsBanco Centroamericano de Inversión e Infraestructura (BCIE )
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Movimiento Ríos Vivos – Caldas
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityMEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Women
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of mobilization:Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Official complaint letters and petitions
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Malnutrition, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..), Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Infectious diseases
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Conflict outcome / response:Negotiated alternative solution
Moratoria
Development of alternatives:La no construcción del proyecto hidroeléctrico.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

Ley 99 de 1993

Código de Recursos Naturales de 1974

Resolución 063 de 2009. Ministerio de Minas y Energía
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

Miel II, entre un socio o la entrega en consesión
[click to view]

El Pais - "Epsa no hará proyecto hidroeléctrico en Caldas"
[click to view]

INFICALDAS
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Hidroeléctrica Miel II entre en vigencia
[click to view]

Proyecto Miel II
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:CENSAT Agua Viva - Amigos de la Tierra Colombia
Last update26/08/2014
Comments
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