Last update:
2015-06-05

Puerto Galera waste dump facility may relocate indigenous Iraya Mangyan families, Philippines

While tourists enjoy beautiful coastal town Puerto Galera, the local government lets indigenous people deal with their waste.


Description:

Puerto Galera is a beautiful coastal town and a booming tourist spot for both Philippines and foreigners, but growing waste production is increasingly becoming a problem [1]. In order to handle the issue, the local government of Puerto Galera has planned the construction of a waste dump facility at Sitio Lapantay; a land spot located in a village where indigenous families of the Iraya Mangyan tribe have been living for over 40 years. While the municipality states that the land is owned by the local government, who bought it in 2008 from a private owner, the indigenous state that it is part of their ancestral lands, as recognized in the Indigenous People’s Rights Act (IPRA) of 1997 [2]. Nevertheless, a resolution was prepared by the local government, in collaboration with the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NICP), which endorsed the waste dump project and the families were asked to sign the resolution against their will [3].

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Basic Data
Name of conflict:Puerto Galera waste dump facility may relocate indigenous Iraya Mangyan families, Philippines
Country:Philippines
State or province:Province of Oriental Mindoro
Location of conflict:Sitio Lapantay, Barangay Villaflor, Puerto Galera Municipality
Accuracy of locationHIGH (Local level)
Source of Conflict
Type of conflict: 1st level:Waste Management
Type of conflict: 2nd level :Land acquisition conflicts
Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Urban development conflicts
Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)
Specific commodities:Tourism services
Domestic municipal waste
Waste produced largely by closeby Tourism
Land
Project Details and Actors
Project details:

The waste dump project was proposed by the municipal government, based on the Republic Act No. 9003, which entitles the local government to set up ecological solid waste management programs for local’s health and the environment [3]. The contract date for the proposed project is December 15, 2014 [1].

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Project area:10.4
Level of Investment:1,470,000
Type of populationRural
Affected Population:200-250 most directly affected
Start of the conflict:15/12/2014
Relevant government actors:Local government of Puerto Galera
National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NICP)
Government of Philippines
Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available:Iraya Mangyan tribe;
Puerto Galera Business and Tourism Enterprises Association Inc. (PGBTEA);
Conflict and Mobilization
IntensityLOW (some local organising)
Reaction stagePREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups mobilizing:Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
Iraya Mangyan tribe
Forms of mobilization:Boycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Media based activism/alternative media
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Refusal of compensation
Impacts of the project
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Air pollution
Health ImpactsVisible: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Potential: Malnutrition, Other environmental related diseases, Other Health impacts
Other Health impactsExposure to potentially contaminated water bodies
Socio-economical ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Conflict outcome / response:Under negotiation
Application of existing regulations
Development of alternatives:The affected people want to stop the project.
Do you consider this an environmental justice success? Was environmental justice served?:No
Briefly explain:It is too early to say.
Sources and Materials
Related laws and legislations - Juridical texts related to the conflict

The Indigenous Peoples’ Rights Act of 1997 (IPRA)
[click to view]

REPUBLIC ACT 9003 January 26, 2001 - AN ACT PROVIDING FOR AN ECOLOGICAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM, CREATING THE NECESSARY INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISMS AND INCENTIVES, DECLARING CERTAIN ACTS PROHIBITED AND PROVIDING PENALTIES, APPROPRIATING FUNDS THEREFORE, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES.
[click to view]

Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites

[3] The Manila Standard online (23/04/2015): "Mayor to Mangyans: Leave land by 30th or be evicted" (accessed 07/05/2015)
[click to view]

[1] Dulangan.com (24/03/2015): "Oriental Mindoro netizens campaign to save waterfall ( updated March 24, 2015 )" (accessed 07/05/2015)
[click to view]

[2] The Manila Standard online (17/04/2015): "Iraya Mangyans: P66-million Galera dump will displace us" (accessed 07/05/2015)
[click to view]

[4] Petition on Change.org: "Do not evict the Iraya Mangyans in Puerto Galera" (accessed 07/05/2015)
[click to view]

[5] The Manila Standard online (01/05/2015): "Iraya Mangyans in Galera get reprieve from eviction" (accessed 07/05/2015)
[click to view]

Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network

Video: Puerto Galera Lapantay and the Tamaraw Falls (Tagalog) - Alleged Land Grabbing of Mangyan Land, Destruction of Tamaraw Falls and Graft and Corruption
[click to view]

Part 2 of the video
[click to view]

Other documents

proposed project Source: http://aldanmar.dulangan.com/oriental-mindoro-netizens-campaign-to-save-waterfall/
[click to view]

The Iraya Mangyan tribe Source: http://dulangan.com/iraya-mangyans-to-be-evicted-for-puerto-galera-municipal-waste-dump/
[click to view]

Tamaraw Falls Source: http://aldanmar.dulangan.com/oriental-mindoro-netizens-campaign-to-save-waterfall/
[click to view]

Foto from the peititon against the relocation Source: https://www.change.org/p/national-commission-on-indigenous-peoples-do-not-evict-the-iraya-mangyans-in-puerto-galera
[click to view]

Meta information
Contributor:A. Scheidel (ICTA-UAB) / arnim "dot" scheidel "at "gmail "dot"com
Last update05/06/2015
Comments
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